File Name: different types of vitamins and their function .zip
Jump to content. The tables below list the vitamins , what they do in the body their functions , and their sources in food.
A Harvard Health article. Vitamins and minerals are essential nutrients because they perform hundreds of roles in the body. There is a fine line between getting enough of these nutrients which is healthy and getting too much which can end up harming you. Eating a healthy diet remains the best way to get sufficient amounts of the vitamins and minerals you need. Every day, your body produces skin, muscle, and bone.
Vitamin , any of several organic substances that are necessary in small quantities for normal health and growth in higher forms of animal life. Vitamins are distinct in several ways from other biologically important compounds such as protein s, carbohydrate s, and lipid s. Although these latter substances also are indispensable for proper bodily functions, almost all of them can be synthesized by animals in adequate quantities. Vitamins, on the other hand, generally cannot be synthesized in amounts sufficient to meet bodily needs and therefore must be obtained from the diet or from some synthetic source. For this reason, vitamins are called essential nutrients. Vitamins also differ from the other biological compounds in that relatively small quantities are needed to complete their functions.
The list of vitamins and minerals below can give you an understanding of how particular different types of vitamins and minerals work in your body, how much of each nutrient you need every day , and what types of food to eat to ensure that you are getting an adequate supply. The recommendations in this vitamins chart are based largely on guidelines from the Institute of Medicine. Recommended amounts of different types of vitamins may be expressed in milligrams mg , micrograms mcg , or international units IU , depending on the nutrient. Unless specified, values represent those for adults ages 19 and older. Disclaimer: As a service to our readers, Harvard Health Publishing provides access to our library of archived content.
Contact contact promaxnutrition. Different Types of Vitamins and Their Functions. August 3, Eating the right foods keeps our bodies working properly, thanks to a mix of essential vitamins and nutrients. Found in many foods, from fresh fruits and vegetables to healthy energy bars , vitamins can either be water-soluble or fat-soluble. It is essential to have a good balance of the right vitamins in your system, as doing so contributes to your energy level and ability to fight off disease.
Vitamins are a group of substances that are needed for normal cell function, growth, and development. There are 13 essential vitamins. This means that these vitamins are required for the body to work properly. They are:. Each of the vitamins listed below has an important job in the body. A vitamin deficiency occurs when you do not get enough of a certain vitamin. Vitamin deficiency can cause health problems.
B vitamins are a class of water-soluble vitamins that play important roles in cell metabolism and synthesis of red blood cells. Individual B vitamin supplements are referred to by the specific number or name of each vitamin, such as B 1 for thiamine, B 2 for riboflavin, and B 3 for niacin, as examples. Each B vitamin is either a cofactor generally a coenzyme for key metabolic processes or is a precursor needed to make one. B vitamins are found in highest abundance in meat, eggs, and dairy products. For this reason, it is required by law in many countries including the United States that the B vitamins thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, and folic acid be added back to white flour after processing. This is referred to as " enriched flour " on food labels. B vitamins are particularly concentrated in meat such as turkey, tuna and liver.
If you're like most kids, you've probably heard at least one parent say, "Don't forget to take your vitamin! Vitamins and minerals are substances that are found in foods we eat. Your body needs them to work properly, so you grow and develop just like you should.
A vitamin is an organic molecule or a set of molecules closely related chemically, i. Essential nutrients cannot be synthesized in the organism, either at all or not in sufficient quantities, and therefore must be obtained through the diet.
The tables below list the vitamins , what they do in the body their functions , and their sources in food. Water-soluble vitamins travel freely through the body, and excess amounts usually are excreted by the kidneys. The body needs water-soluble vitamins in frequent, small doses. These vitamins are not as likely as fat-soluble vitamins to reach toxic levels. But niacin, vitamin B6, folate, choline, and vitamin C have upper consumption limits. Vitamin B6 at high levels over a long period of time has been shown to cause irreversible nerve damage. A balanced diet usually provides enough of these vitamins.
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Various studies have investigated the effects of dietary patterns on the nutritional status and have concluded that unhealthy eating increases the.