File Name: sometic disorder and its type .zip
Somatic symptom and related disorders is the name for a group of conditions in which the physical pain and symptoms a person feels are related to psychological factors.
To determine a diagnosis, you'll likely have a physical exam and any tests your doctor recommends. Your doctor or other health care provider can help determine if you have any health conditions that need treatment. The goal of treatment is to improve your symptoms and your ability to function in daily life.
Psychotherapy, also called talk therapy, can be helpful for somatic symptom disorder. Sometimes medications may be added, especially if you're struggling with feeling depressed. Because physical symptoms can be related to psychological distress and a high level of health anxiety, psychotherapy — specifically, cognitive behavioral therapy CBT — can help improve physical symptoms.
Family therapy may also be helpful by examining family relationships and improving family support and functioning. Antidepressant medication can help reduce symptoms associated with depression and pain that often occur with somatic symptom disorder. If one medication doesn't work well for you, your doctor may recommend switching to another or combining certain medications to boost effectiveness.
Keep in mind that it can take several weeks after first starting a medication to notice an improvement in symptoms. While somatic symptom disorder benefits from professional treatment, you can take some lifestyle and self-care steps, including these:.
In addition to a medical evaluation, your primary care provider may refer you to a psychiatrist or psychologist for evaluation and treatment. Ask a trusted family member or friend to go with you to your appointment, if possible, to lend support and help you remember information. Your medical care provider or mental health professional will ask additional questions based on your responses, symptoms and needs.
Preparing and anticipating questions will help you make the most of your appointment time. Mayo Clinic does not endorse companies or products. Advertising revenue supports our not-for-profit mission.
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This content does not have an Arabic version. Diagnosis To determine a diagnosis, you'll likely have a physical exam and any tests your doctor recommends. Your medical care provider may also refer you to a mental health professional, who may:.
More Information Psychotherapy. Request an Appointment at Mayo Clinic. Share on: Facebook Twitter. Show references Somatic symptom disorder. Arlington, Va. Accessed April 13, Somatic symptom disorder. American Psychiatric Association. Levenson JL. Somatic symptom disorder: Epidemiology and clinical presentation. Accessed March 20, Somatic symptom disorder: Treatment. Somatic symptom and related disorders. Rochester, Minn.
Merck Manual Professional Version. Gabbard GO, ed. Primary care and consultation-liaison interventions for somatic symptom and related disorders. In: Gabbard's Treatments of Psychiatric Disorders. Isaac ML, et al. Medically unexplained symptoms. Medical Clinics of North America. Somashekar B, et al. Psychopharmacotherapy of somatic symptoms disorders. International Review of Psychiatry. Krishnan V, et al. Caregiver burden and disability in somatization disorder. Journal of Psychosomatic Research.
Somatic symptom disorder: Assessment and diagnosis. Kurlansik SL, et al. American Family Physician. Sawchuk CN expert opinion. Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. April 6, Related Associated Procedures Psychotherapy. Mayo Clinic Marketplace Check out these best-sellers and special offers on books and newsletters from Mayo Clinic.
Somatic symptoms include a range of physical experiences, such as pain, muscle tension, body shaking, difficulty in breathing, heart palpitation, blushing, fatigue, and sweating. Somatic symptoms are common in major depressive disorder MDD , anxiety disorders, and some other psychiatric disorders. However, the etiology of somatic symptoms remains unclear. Somatic symptoms could be a response to emotional distress in patients with those psychiatric conditions. Increasing evidence supports the role of aberrant serotoninergic and noradrenergic neurotransmission in somatic symptoms. Multiple resources of data support each of these mechanisms. Animal models have shown physiological responses, similar to somatic symptoms seen in psychiatric patients, after manipulations of 5-HT and NE neurotransmission.
Professional Reference articles are designed for health professionals to use. You may find the Somatisation and Somatoform Disorders article more useful, or one of our other health articles. NICE has issued rapid update guidelines in relation to many of these. This guidance is changing frequently. This is a chronic condition in which there are numerous physical complaints.
Somatic symptom disorder is characterized by an extreme focus on physical symptoms — such as pain or fatigue — that causes major emotional distress and problems functioning. You may or may not have another diagnosed medical condition associated with these symptoms, but your reaction to the symptoms is not normal. You often think the worst about your symptoms and frequently seek medical care, continuing to search for an explanation even when other serious conditions have been excluded.
About one-third to one-half of all outpatient medical visits worldwide are for symptoms such as pain or fatigue that have no clear physical cause. Earlier in the history of psychiatry, the prevailing view was that such disorders often lumped together as hysteria were a sign of unresolved emotional conflicts or earlier traumas. In the early s, the term "somatization" entered the vernacular, defined as the conversion of emotional states into physical symptoms. To meet the DSM-IV criteria, symptoms must be significant enough to cause substantial distress or interfere with work, relationships, and other areas of functioning. Somatization disorder.
The emphasis now is on symptoms that are substantially more severe than expected in association with distress and impairment.