File Name: kenya government and politics system .zip
The state of political inclusion of ethnic communities under Kenya's devolved system. Relations among some ethnic communities in Kenya have been characterised by deep animosity and suspicion, which heighten during election periods.
The politics of Kenya take place in a framework of a presidential representative democratic republic, whereby the President of Kenya is both head of state and head of government , and of a multi-party system in accordance with a new constitution passed in Executive power is exercised by the executive branch of government, headed by the President , who chairs the cabinet, that is composed of people chosen from outside parliament.
Legislative power is vested exclusively in Parliament. The judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature. The Economist Intelligence Unit rated Kenya a " hybrid regime " in Murders, disappearances, and torture are a common part of life. In spite of its generality, on this level terror affects those who interest themselves in politics or ideas. The president is elected for a five-year term by the people.
As of the March general election, the Constitution of Kenya has two requirements for any candidate to be declared winner:. If none of the candidates fulfills these requirements there is to be a runoff between the two contenders with the highest number of votes.
The Deputy President is the running mate of the candidate that wins the presidential election  whilst other cabinet members will be appointed, with the approval from the National Assembly, from outside Parliament. That government was semi-presidential in form, with the executive headed by a President and a Prime Minister, and ministers were appointed to reflect political parties' relative strength in Kenya's 10th Parliament in which Raila Odinga 's party, the Orange Democratic Movement was the largest party.
Under the power-sharing agreement, each of the two major parties also nominated a deputy prime minister. The National Assembly, or Bunge , has members, members elected for a five-year term in single-seat constituencies , 47 women elected from each county, 12 members nominated by political parties in proportion to their share of seats won in the single-member constituencies, and an ex officio member: the speaker. There is also a senate with 67 members. The judiciary is divided into Superior Courts and Subordinate Courts.
The Chief Justice and his or her deputy are nominated by the President from names selected by the Judicial Service Commission and voted by the National Assembly.
Under the Constitution, Kenya is divided into 47 counties including the Cities of Nairobi and Mombasa , each comprising a whole number of Parliamentary constituencies. Each county has an elected Assembly,  whose members are elected from single-member wards. There are provisions for additional Assembly members to be appointed to improve the gender balance and to represent special groups such as persons with disabilities and youth. Since independence in , Kenya has maintained remarkable stability, despite changes in its political system and crises in neighbouring countries.
Particularly since the re-emergence of multiparty democracy, Kenyans have enjoyed an increased degree of freedom. A cross-party parliamentary reform initiative in the fall of revised some oppressive laws inherited from the colonial era that had been used to limit freedom of speech and assembly.
This improved public freedoms and contributed to generally credible national elections in December In December , Kenya held democratic and open elections and elected Mwai Kibaki as their new president.
The elections, which were judged free and fair by local and international observers, marked an important turning point in Kenya's democratic evolution. President Kibaki campaigned on a policy of generating economic growth, improving education, combating corruption, and implementing a new constitution, the draft of which was produced by Professor Ghai under the Moi regime.
Considerable success has been achieved in the first two policy areas, the constitutional process had become mired see below and the fight against corruption has been a disaster. There have been major scandals including Anglo-Leasing , which the government has failed to investigate. John Githongo , then Permanent Secretary to the President on Ethics and Governance, resigned in protest, and donor nations, in particular the British, have made public criticisms of the lack of progress.
Following disagreements between the partners in the then government coalition, constitutional reform had proceeded slower than anticipated. The NAK faction allied to president Kibaki favoured a centralised presidential system, while the LDP faction—which had fewer parliamentary seats in that coalition than NAK—demanded a federal, parliamentary system, referred to in some circles as Majimbo.
The MoU agreed that a new constitution would be established shortly after the election, which provided for the new role of a strong Prime Minister, while weakening the role of President. However, that draft constitution was modified by the government from what was written by Professor Ghai and amended by the Bomas committee.
This maintained a strong President, who controls a weaker Prime Minister. The outcome of that referendum, in which the draft constitution was rejected, signalled a wider re-alignment before the elections, in which the No team reorganised itself as the Orange Democratic Movement with Raila Odinga as their presidential flag bearer whilst those in the Yes team ended up in several political parties including the Party of National Unity.
Internal wrangling within that governing coalition also negatively affected other crucial areas of governance, notably the planned large-scale privatisation of government-owned enterprises. The presidential elections were largely believed to have been flawed with international observers stating that they did not meet regional or international standards.
Most observers suggest that the tallying process for the presidential results was rigged to the advantage of the incumbent president, Mwai Kibaki , despite overwhelming indications that his rival and the subsequent Prime Minister of Kenya, Raila Odinga , won the election. There was significant and widespread violence in Kenya— — Kenyan crisis —following the unprecedented announcement of Kibaki as the winner of the presidential elections. The violence led to the death of almost 1, people, and the displacement of almost , people.
Some researchers note it allowed the violent settlement of land disputes between ethnic groups over controversial concepts of 'ancestral homelands'. A diplomatic solution was achieved, as the two rivals were later united in a grand coalition government following international mediation, led by former UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan, under a power-sharing National Accord on Reconciliation Act, entrenched in the constitution. Several steps were recommended to ensure stability and peace for the Nation during the negotiations that led to the formation of the Coalition government.
One of these reforms was the famous Agenda 4 that deals with reforms in various sectors. A new constitution was identified as a key area in fulfilling Agenda 4. A draft constitution was published and Kenyans adopted it in a vote on 4 August On the coalition government was rendered ineffective due to the constitution.
The new constitution also provided for a bicameral house, the Senate and the national Assembly. These were duly filled up with elected candidates. The nation was also divided into counties headed by governors and represented in the senate by senators. Women in these counties were also represented by electing women Representatives.
The five-year term ended on and the country went in for the elections. The historical handshake in March between president Uhuru Kenyatta and his long-time opponent Raila Odinga meant reconciliation followed by economic growth and increased stability.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Political system of Kenya. National Government. Constitution History Human rights. Administrative divisions. Counties Sub-Counties Constituencies.
Commissions Offices. Offices Auditor-General Controller of Budget. Recent elections. General: Presidential: Oct. Local: Political parties. Foreign relations. Economic schemes. Vision Kenya Economic Stimulus Program. Other countries. See also: Grand Coalition Kenya. Main articles: List of political parties in Kenya and Elections in Kenya. Further information: Judiciary of Kenya. Further information: Administrative divisions of Kenya.
Economist Intelligence Unit. Retrieved 13 January Retrieved 13 October Archived from the original on 24 July Retrieved 24 July The Standard. Retrieved 18 February Cities Counties. Outline Index. Politics of Africa. States with limited recognition. Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic Somaliland. Dependencies and other territories.
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Not a MyNAP member yet? Register for a free account to start saving and receiving special member only perks. Africa's continuing reliance on foreign aid has increased the opportunities for bilateral and multilateral aid agencies to influence policy making in the region. The major donors have been meeting frequently in order to discuss development and debt problems and to devise aid strategies for African governments. In turn, foreign aid has increasingly been linked to a set of prescriptions for changes in both economic and political policies pursued by African governments. The so-called new world order also has had significant effects on African governments. As the influence and interest of the Soviet Union in Africa declined and later collapsed with its demise , Western states and the organizations they influence gained considerably greater leverage over African governments, surpassing the general client-dependent relationship of the s and s.
PDF | Kenya's post-independence political scene has been characterized by continued efforts to structure and restructure the country's political.
The politics of Kenya take place in a framework of a presidential representative democratic republic, whereby the President of Kenya is both head of state and head of government , and of a multi-party system in accordance with a new constitution passed in Executive power is exercised by the executive branch of government, headed by the President , who chairs the cabinet, that is composed of people chosen from outside parliament. Legislative power is vested exclusively in Parliament. The judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature. The Economist Intelligence Unit rated Kenya a " hybrid regime " in
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did the Kenyan political system begin to resemble the informalised models. outlined in recent scholarship (Chabal & Daloz, ).