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Explain The Difference Between Drug Abuse And Drug Addiction Pdf

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Drug abuse refers to an individual who continues to use drugs even though they know it is having an adverse affect on their health and well being.

Substance dependence , also known as drug dependence , is an adaptive state that develops from repeated drug administration, and which results in withdrawal upon cessation of drug use. Within the framework of the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders DSM-IV , substance dependence is redefined as a drug addiction, and can be diagnosed without the occurrence of a withdrawal syndrome. Compulsive and repetitive use may result in tolerance to the effect of the drug and withdrawal symptoms when use is reduced or stopped.

Substance dependence

Drugs are chemical substances that can change how your body and mind work. They include prescription medicines, over-the-counter medicines , alcohol , tobacco , and illegal drugs.

Drug use is dangerous. It can harm your brain and body, sometimes permanently. It can hurt the people around you, including friends, families, kids, and unborn babies. Drug use can also lead to addiction. Drug addiction is a chronic brain disease. It causes a person to take drugs repeatedly, despite the harm they cause. Repeated drug use can change the brain and lead to addiction. The brain changes from addiction can be lasting, so drug addiction is considered a "relapsing" disease. This means that people in recovery are at risk for taking drugs again, even after years of not taking them.

Not everyone who uses drugs becomes addicted. Everyone's bodies and brains are different, so their reactions to drugs can also be different. Some people may become addicted quickly, or it may happen over time. Other people never become addicted. Whether or not someone becomes addicted depends on many factors. They include genetic, environmental, and developmental factors. Treatments for drug addiction include counseling, medicines, or both. Research shows that combining medicines with counseling gives most people the best chance of success.

Medicines can help with the symptoms of withdrawal. For addiction to certain drugs, there are also medicines that can help you re-establish normal brain function and decrease your cravings. If you have a mental disorder along with an addiction, it is known as a dual diagnosis.

It is important to treat both problems. This will increase your chance of success. If you have a severe addiction, you may need hospital-based or residential treatment. Residential treatment programs combine housing and treatment services. Drug use and addiction are preventable. Prevention programs involving families, schools, communities, and the media may prevent or reduce drug use and addiction. These programs include education and outreach to help people understand the risks of drug use.

Resources Reference Desk Find an Expert. What are drugs? What is drug use? Drug use, or misuse, includes Using illegal substances, such as Anabolic steroids Club drugs Cocaine Heroin Inhalants Marijuana Methamphetamines Misusing prescription medicines , including opioids. This means taking the medicines in a different way than the health care provider prescribed. This includes Taking a medicine that was prescribed for someone else Taking a larger dose than you are supposed to Using the medicine in a different way than you are supposed to.

For example, instead of swallowing your tablets, you might crush and then snort or inject them. Using the medicine for another purpose, such as getting high Misusing over-the-counter medicines, including using them for another purpose and using them in a different way than you are supposed to Drug use is dangerous.

What is drug addiction? Does everyone who takes drugs become addicted? Who is at risk for drug addiction? Various risk factors can make you more likely to become addicted to drugs, including Your biology. People can react to drugs differently. Some people like the feeling the first time they try a drug and want more. Others hate how it feels and never try it again. Mental health problems. This can happen because drug use and mental health problems affect the same parts of the brain.

Also, people with these problems may use drugs to try to feel better. Trouble at home. If your home is an unhappy place or was when you were growing up, you might be more likely to have a drug problem.

Trouble in school, at work, or with making friends. You might use drugs to get your mind off these problems. Hanging around other people who use drugs. They might encourage you to try drugs. Starting drug use when you're young. When kids use drugs, it affects how their bodies and brains finish growing. This increases your chances of becoming addicted when you're an adult. What are the signs that someone has a drug problem?

Signs that someone has a drug problem include Changing friends a lot Spending a lot of time alone Losing interest in favorite things Not taking care of themselves - for example, not taking showers, changing clothes, or brushing their teeth Being really tired and sad Eating more or eating less than usual Being very energetic, talking fast, or saying things that don't make sense Being in a bad mood Quickly changing between feeling bad and feeling good Sleeping at strange hours Missing important appointments Having problems at work or at school Having problems in personal or family relationships What are the treatments for drug addiction?

It can help you Understand why you got addicted See how drugs changed your behavior Learn how to deal with your problems so you won't go back to using drugs Learn to avoid places, people, and situations where you might be tempted to use drugs Medicines can help with the symptoms of withdrawal. Can drug use and addiction be prevented? Start Here. What are some signs and symptoms of someone with a drug use problem? Diagnosis and Tests. Prevention and Risk Factors. Treatments and Therapies.

Living With. Related Issues. Health Check Tools. Statistics and Research. Clinical Trials. Article: Comorbidities associated with different levels of total cholesterol in male and Article: Combined prevention for substance use, depression, and anxiety in adolescence: a Drug Use and Addiction -- see more articles. Reference Desk. Find an Expert. Older Adults. Patient Handouts.

What is the Difference Between Abuse and Dependence?

When people talk about addiction, they are usually referring to the harmful behavior associated with substance abuse. Dependence refers to the physical symptoms of withdrawal and tolerance. Treatment Center Locator. With just 30 days at a rehab center, you can get clean and sober, start therapy, join a support group, and learn ways to manage your cravings. Click on the map to learn more about Nevada Rehabs.

Addiction Drug Addiction Vs. Drug Abuse Substance abuse is a major problem among adolescents and adults in America, and is one of the major problems leading to divorce and crime. It can lead to drug addiction and chemical dependence. Many people ask us about the differences between substance abuse and drug addiction and the most common symptoms of both problems. Substance abuse differs from drug addiction in that drug addiction is more of a compulsion and an active seeking to use a substance, regardless of any negative consequences. Addiction always involves a lack of control and a lack of ability to take personal responsibility. Constant abuse of certain drugs or alcohol can lead to addiction.

The difference is characterized by the severity of symptoms and lack of control the addict has over her or her drug or alcohol use. David Sack, MD: Substance abuse is the earlier, milder form of harmful drug or alcohol use, which may or may not escalate into addiction. The DSM-IV [the fourth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders ], the manual used by mental health professionals to diagnose addiction and other psychiatric disorders, separates the diagnosis of substance abuse from that of substance dependence, or addiction. Substance abuse is marked by recurrent legal problems, interpersonal problems, or failure to fulfill major role obligations at work, school, or home, among other symptoms. In contrast, addiction is characterized by tolerance, withdrawal, an inability to control substance use, continued use in spite of negative consequences, and other factors.


The table on the next page summarizes the differences between substance use, abuse, and dependence, and it highlights implications for risk to children based.


Difference Between Abuse and Addiction

Daily one or the other day we come across the abuse and addiction word and many a times people use these words interchangeably. But abuse and addiction words are different and have different meaning. Basically drug abuse and drug addiction are different conditions. So, let us study through this article. We can say that drug abuse and addiction is the idea of tolerance.

What Is the Difference Between Abuse and Addiction?

Many people use the terms drugs abuse and drug addiction interchangeably, even though they are very different terms. Only then, when you identify your problem, will you begin to make the first steps towards your recovery. Although drug abuse and drug addiction are different terms, they are related. Drug abuse refers to using drugs even though it has become a problem in your life. You may have begun using drugs without any noticeable negative consequences, but as you continued to abuse drugs, the negative consequences became more apparent. One of the worst consequences of drug abuse is its ability to develop into drug dependency, or addiction.

Pharmacology and Therapeutics. Before the dawn of civilization, they are natural substances that were discovered e. Some of these were used by farmers. In fact, there were dope addict long before they were farmers.

Drugs are chemical substances that can change how your body and mind work. They include prescription medicines, over-the-counter medicines , alcohol , tobacco , and illegal drugs. Drug use is dangerous. It can harm your brain and body, sometimes permanently. It can hurt the people around you, including friends, families, kids, and unborn babies.

Drug Addiction

The difference is in the number of diagnostic criteria as per the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders DSM as published by the American Psychiatric Association and used by physicians and the court system alike. For that reason, treatment services are available to those who struggle with either issue. If you experience three or more of the following issues within a month period, you meet the criteria for a diagnosis of addiction:. It takes time to build up a tolerance to the drug of choice, to develop cravings for the drug, and to experience problems due to use of illicit substances. Drug abuse often starts first.

What Are the Differences Between Drug Abuse and Addiction?

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