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On The Moral And Legal Status Of Abortion Pdf

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Granting for the sake of argument that the fetus has a right to life , Thomson uses thought experiments to argue that the fetus's right to life does not override the pregnant woman's right to have jurisdiction over her body, and that induced abortion is therefore not morally impermissible.

Abortion debate

This article begins with an introduction to the biology behind embryonic stem cell ESC research. Next it presents briefly four views of moral status, based on four different criteria: biological humanity, personhood, possession of interests, and having a future-like-ours FLO. On two of these views the person view and the interest view , embryos clearly lack moral status, but they most likely do not have moral status on the FLO account either. Only the biological humanity criterion combined with the view that life begins at conception results in the conclusion that very early extracorporeal embryos have full moral status, making ESC research that destroys embryos morally wrong. This explains why even some who are anti-abortion are not against ESC research: they do not view the very early, extracorporeal embryo as having the same moral status as the fetus. Keywords: moral status , moral values , stem cell research , embryonic stem cell , future-like-ours , biological humanity.

A Defense of Abortion

Metrics details. The Zambian Termination of Pregnancy Act permits abortion on socio-economic grounds, but access to safe abortion services is limited and this constitutes a considerable problem for rights to sexual and reproductive health. The case of Zambia provides an opportunity to explore the relationship between a legal framework that permits abortion on diverse grounds, the moral and political disputes around abortion and access to sexual and reproductive health services. This paper draws upon eleven months of ethnographic fieldwork in Zambia. The archival material and the interview data were analyzed thematically, using theoretical perspectives on discourse and the anthropology of policies. The study findings show that the Zambian case is not easily placed into standard categories of liberal or restrictive abortion laws.

The legal regulation of abortion by gestational age, or length of pregnancy, is a relatively undertheorized dimension of abortion and human rights. Yet struggles over time in abortion law, and its competing representations and meanings, are ultimately struggles over ethical and political values, authority and power, the very stakes that human rights on abortion engage. This article focuses on three struggles over time in abortion and human rights law: those related to morality, health, and justice. With respect to morality, the article concludes that collective faith and trust should be placed in the moral judgment of those most affected by the passage of time in pregnancy and by later abortion—pregnant women. With respect to health, abortion law as health regulation should be evidence-based to counter the stigma of later abortion, which leads to overregulation and access barriers. With respect to justice, in recognizing that there will always be a need for abortion services later in pregnancy, such services should be safe, legal, and accessible without hardship or risk. Temporal categories such as trimesters, temporal measurements such as gestational age, and temporal concepts such as viability figure prominently in the legal regulation of abortion.

For instance, an animal may be said to have moral status if its suffering is at least somewhat morally bad, on account of this animal itself and regardless of the consequences for other beings. On the non-utilitarian approach, to have moral status is for there to be reasons to act for the sake of the entity or its interest, reasons which are prior to, and may clash with, what the calculation of the overall best consequences would dictate. The non-utilitarian approach is necessarily coupled with two further ideas: acting unjustifiably against such reasons as well as failing to give these reasons their proper weight in deliberation is not only wrong but wrongs the entity and one owes it to the entity to avoid acting in this way. Note that utilitarians could incorporate these two ideas by claiming that it is owed to entities with moral status to properly incorporate their interests into the utilitarian calculus, and that one wrongs an entity when this is not done. But these two ideas are inessential to the utilitarian approach. Some non-utilitarian philosophers allow for the possibility that moral status comes in degrees, and introduce the notion of a highest degree of status: full moral status FMS. After reviewing which entities have been thought to have moral status and what is involved in having FMS, as opposed to a lesser degree of moral status, this article will survey different views of the grounds of moral status, focusing especially on FMS, as well as the justification for treating these as grounds of moral status.

Shaping the abortion policy – competing discourses on the Zambian termination of pregnancy act

Preferring to err on the side of caution, we decided to assume, just for the sake of argument, that the fetus is a person. Assuming that the fetus is a person, we found that abortion is permissible in the vast majority of cases: cases where the pregnant woman's life is endangered, cases where the pregnancy was due to rape, cases where contraception failed, and, perhaps! The conclusion was if the fetus is a person, then abortion is morally permissible in all cases except, possibly, those cases where the mother has explicitly assumed a special responsibility for the life of the fetus, as in cases where the mother intentionally becomes pregnant.

Does the morality of abortion depend on the moral status of the human fetus? Must the law of abortion give an answer to the question about exactly when personhood begins? Can a law which permits late abortion but not infanticide be morally justified?

In , we agreed policy that abortion should be regulated in the same way as other medical treatments. This policy states that abortion:. This policy was reaffirmed in To facilitate the debate on this policy, we published a neutral discussion paper.

The law and ethics of abortion

The Grounds of Moral Status

The legal regulation of abortion by gestational age, or length of pregnancy, is a relatively undertheorized dimension of abortion and human rights. Yet struggles over time in abortion law, and its competing representations and meanings, are ultimately struggles over ethical and political values, authority and power, the very stakes that human rights on abortion engage. This article focuses on three struggles over time in abortion and human rights law: those related to morality, health, and justice. With respect to morality, the article concludes that collective faith and trust should be placed in the moral judgment of those most affected by the passage of time in pregnancy and by later abortion—pregnant women. With respect to health, abortion law as health regulation should be evidence-based to counter the stigma of later abortion, which leads to overregulation and access barriers.

The abortion debate is the ongoing controversy surrounding the moral, legal, and religious status of induced abortion. Pro-choice emphasizes the woman's choice whether to terminate a pregnancy. Pro-life proposes the right of the embryo or fetus to gestate to term and be born. Both terms are considered loaded in mainstream media, where terms such as "abortion rights" or "anti-abortion" are generally preferred. Many people believe that abortion is essentially a moral issue, concerning the commencement of human personhood , rights of the fetus , and bodily integrity. The debate has become a political and legal issue in some countries with anti-abortion campaigners seeking to enact, maintain and expand anti-abortion laws , while abortion-rights campaigners seek to repeal or ease such laws while expanding access to abortion.

Следуя плану, он бросился в проход и, оказавшись внутри, лицом к правому углу, выстрелил. Пуля отскочила от голой стены и чуть не попала в него. Он стремительно развернулся и едва сдержал крик. Никого. Дэвид Беккер исчез. Тремя пролетами ниже Дэвид Беккер висел на вытянутых руках над Апельсиновым садом с наружной стороны Гиральды, словно упражняясь в подтягивании на оконном выступе.

Moral Status, Moral Value, and Human Embryos: Implications for Stem Cell Research

BMA policy on abortion

В данный момент у него только одно преимущество - скорость. Я должен поскорее выбраться отсюда. - сказал он. После множества поворотов и коротких рывков Беккер оказался на перекрестке трех улочек с табличкой Эскуина-де-лос-Рейес и понял, что уже был здесь минуту-другую. Притормозив, он задумался, в какую сторону повернуть, и в этот момент мотор его веспы кашлянул и заглох. Стрелка топливного индикатора указывала на ноль.

Единственная спиральная лестница упиралась в каменную камеру квадратной формы, в стенах были проделаны узкие прорези для обозрения, но, разумеется, никакого выхода он не. Дэвид Беккер поднялся на последнюю крутую ступеньку и, едва держась на ногах, шагнул в крошечную каменную клетку. Со всех сторон его окружали высокие стены с узкими прорезями по всему периметру. Выхода .

 Иису… - Слова застряли у Бринкерхоффа в глотке.  - Ты думаешь, что в ТРАНСТЕКСТ проник вирус. Мидж вздохнула: - А что еще это может .

И мы нашими совместными усилиями даже близко не подошли к математической функции меняющегося открытого текста. А вы хотите сказать, что какой-то панк с персональным компьютером придумал, как это сделать. Стратмор заговорил тише, явно желая ее успокоить: - Я бы не назвал этого парня панком.

Сьюзан не отрываясь смотрела на эту малоприятную картину.

Стратмор выдержал паузу и посмотрел ей прямо в. - Чтобы он получил второй ключ. - Что еще за второй ключ.

Сквозь туман она увидела Стратмора, который стоял внизу, на платформе. Прислонившись к перилам, он вглядывался в грохочущее нутро шахты ТРАНСТЕКСТА. - Коммандер! - позвала Сьюзан.

Он жертвует всеми планами, связанными с Цифровой крепостью. Хейл не мог поверить, что Стратмор согласился упустить такую возможность: ведь черный ход был величайшим шансом в его жизни. Хейлом овладела паника: повсюду, куда бы он ни посмотрел, ему мерещился ствол беретты Стратмора. Он шарахался из стороны в сторону, не выпуская Сьюзан из рук, стараясь не дать Стратмору возможности выстрелить. Движимый страхом, он поволок Сьюзан к лестнице.

Все лампы наверху погасли. Не было видно даже кнопочных электронных панелей на дверях кабинетов.

2 Comments

Erik H. 08.06.2021 at 23:11

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Itatay F. 09.06.2021 at 23:11

On the Moral and Legal Status of. Abortion. Mary Anne Warren. The Monist, Vol. 57, No. 4, Part II reprinted, with postscript, in The Problem of Abortion.

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