File Name: the army and democracy military politics in pakistan .zip
The history of the modern-day military of Pakistan began in , when Pakistan achieved its independence as a modern nation. The military holds a significant place in the history of Pakistan , as the Pakistani Armed Forces have played, and continue to play, a significant role in the Pakistani establishment and shaping of the country. Although Pakistan was founded as a democracy after its independence from the British Raj , the military has remained one of the country's most powerful institutions and has on occasion overthrown democratically elected civilian governments on the basis of self-assessed mismanagement and corruption.
Most have raised intriguing questions and issues for me to ponder in future research on the topic. Let me respond to some important points raised by the reviewers. In their thoughtful reviews, Christine Fair and Marvin Weinbaum illuminate the theoretical, empirical, and policy angles of my research. Moreover, I wrote my book precisely with the goal of understanding the role of the military in politics from the perspective of the officer corps, an aspect largely ignored in the literature on civil-military relations in Pakistan and even beyond with a few notable exceptions.
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Paul, a professor of international relations at McGill university, and Aqil Shah, a long-time scholar of democratization in Pakistan, have written two very different but ultimately complementary accounts of the Pakistan Army— The Warrior State: Pakistan in the Contemporary World and The Army and Democracy: Military Politics in Pakistan , respectively. Whereas Paul focuses on the policies pursued by the military and their sequelae, Shah focuses on how the institution of the army came to dominate the Pakistani state. The Warrior State examines the roles of war and war-making in the development of Pakistan in particular and several other historical and contemporary nation-states in Europe and Asia. Despite pursuing militarized security for some six decades, Pakistan is insecure and politically fragmented. These patrons discouraged the Pakistani elite from forging state policies that would enhance social, economic, and political development and incentivized [End Page ] them to instead pursue geopolitical goals and a narrow strategy of military security based on hyper-realpolitik assumptions. Yet this argument is not without some important problems. First, Paul implies that the United States sucked Pakistan into its alliance strategy.
Most have raised intriguing questions and issues for me to ponder in future research on the topic. Let me respond to some important points raised by the reviewers. In their thoughtful reviews, Christine Fair and Marvin Weinbaum illuminate the theoretical, empirical, and policy angles of my research.
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Reeling from crisis to crisis, and plagued by war, the machinations of hostile external forces, and the depredations of uniformly corrupt and incompetent civilian governments, Pakistan has always been saved from complete and utter destruction by the timely and judicious intervention of the military, the only institution in the country possessing the expertise and wherewithal to address these complex problems. Even today, as Pakistan experiences yet another political impasse featuring intractable political forces engaged in an escalating cycle of antagonism, it may be the case that only the military possesses the deftness of touch and the maturity of outlook required to bring matters to a swift and efficacious conclusion. Or so we are told. Indeed, as is demonstrated through a detailed, historical overview of the different episodes of military rule in Pakistan, the military has actively damaged democratic institutions and politics, co-opting and controlling different civilian actors through a combination of coercive and non-coercive measures.
PDF | The Army and Democracy: Military Politics in Pakistan. By Aqil Shah. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, pp. ISBN.Alf B. 10.06.2021 at 13:31
PDF | On Apr 2, , Aqil Shah published The Army and Democracy: Military Politics in Pakistan | Find, read and cite all the research you.Kapriel F. 12.06.2021 at 09:40
Pakistan's short history as a country has been very turbulent.Royce C. 14.06.2021 at 04:03
The Army and Democracy identifies steps for reforming Pakistan's armed forces and reducing its interference in politics, and sees lessons for fragile democracies.Jolie-Femme 14.06.2021 at 12:00
The army and democracy: military politics in Pakistan, by Aqil Shah, Cam- bridge, MA, Harvard University Press, , ix + pp., £26 (hardback),. ISBN