File Name: mancur olson the rise and decline of nations text .zip
Theories of Collective Action pp Cite as. Mancur Olson has applied his theory of collective action to the problem of national advance: The Rise and Decline of Nations is an ambitious attempt to synthesise the topics of growth and development, efficiency and flexibility, free trade and involuntary unemployment, and to correlate them with the size and power of the special-interest groups which comprise the corporate society. Perhaps it is because, wearing professional blinkers, they have looked only straight ahead at phenomena economists have habitually examined.
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By Mancur Olson. New Haven: Yale University Press. MANY of the best academic economists are scientists manques. What they gain in rigor - with their axiomatic models of ''linear rational expectations'' or ''optimal investment strategies under conditions of uncertainty'' - they lose in ability to explain what's happening in Detroit or Stuttgart. His elegant, readable book, ''The Rise and Decline of Nations,'' sets out to explain why economies succumb to the ''British disease,'' the kind of stagnation and demoralization that is now sweeping Europe and North America. Along the way, he tosses out nuggets of analysis from his basic theory to explain everything from the caste system of India to South African racial laws to the location of industry in 17th-century England.
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Mancur Olson offered us big thoughts on big subjects. Today, he might well attack the problem of climate change and the current failure of nations to act effectively. Olson would note the incentives of nations to ride free or cheaply. He would observe that climate change is an alliance problem, one where some nations have much more at stake than others. With climate change, the alliance problem is redoubled, since the asymmetries among nations fall along multiple dimensions, including those of vulnerability to climate change, history of greenhouse emissions, emissions per dollar of GNP, level of economic development, and cultural environmental concerns.
Mancur Olson along with Milton Friedman and Michael Porter may well be one of the key figures of late 20th century economics. In some respects he is more universal in his outlook than the other two as his life's work represented in this book synthesises economics and politics in a sort of evolutionary life cycle view of societies. He probably wouldn't have liked to hear it but his ideas have a nice Taoist flavour. As a society becomes more successful, advanced and stable its institutions become more complex and invariably start to turn the favourable stability into undesirable rigidity. Legislation starts to mushroom along with the people who create and administer it and somehow the society finds that the achievements of its youth are no longer possible. He identifies various strands in this process of sclerosis, the main one here being the activity of special interest groups. As he puts it; "the larger the number of individuals or firms that would benefit from a collective good, the smaller the share of the gains from action in the group interest that will accrue to the individual or firm that undertakes the action.
The Rise and Decline of Nations: Economic Growth, Stagflation, and Social Rigidities. Mancur Olson. Copyright Date: Published by: Yale University Press.
The concept institutional sclerosis was first introduced by American economist and social scientist Mancur Olson , in his book The Rise and Decline of Nations , published in Olson argues that the number of interests groups within a society has a sclerotic effect on economic growth. This concept formulation builds up on Olson's previous work, the Logic of Collective Action It sets focus on the problem of Collective Action , where individuals are driven by social incentives to join collectives in concern of the provision of goods and services. Nevertheless, there are others, who are reluctant to contribute, whilst still benefiting from the input.
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Also Available in: Paper e-book. Skip to main content. Economic Growth, Stagflation, and Social Rigidities.
Провал. Мысль о том, что придется отстоять в очереди несколько часов, была невыносима. Время идет, старик канадец может куда-нибудь исчезнуть. Вполне вероятно, он решит поскорее вернуться в Канаду.
Он увидел кое-что другое. И повернулся к офицеру. - Вы уверены, что в коробке все его вещи. - Да, конечно, - подтвердил лейтенант. Беккер постоял минуту, уперев руки в бока. Затем поднял коробку, поставил ее на стол и вытряхнул содержимое.
Беккер вспомнил синеватый шрам на груди Танкадо. - Быть может, искусственное дыхание делали санитары. - Да нет, конечно! - Клушар почему-то улыбнулся. - Какой смысл хлестать мертвую кобылу. Парень был уже мертв, когда прибыла скорая. Они пощупали пульс и увезли его, оставив меня один на один с этим идиотом-полицейским.
Если все пойдет хорошо, то результат будет примерно через полчаса. - Тогда за дело, - сказал Стратмор, положил ей на плечо руку и повел в темноте в направлении Третьего узла. Над их головами куполом раскинулось усыпанное звездами небо. Такие же звезды, наверное, видит сейчас Дэвид в небе над Севильей, подумала. Подойдя к тяжелой стеклянной двери, Стратмор еле слышно чертыхнулся. Кнопочная панель Третьего узла погасла, двери были закрыты.