traditional and alternative medicine act pdf Wednesday, June 2, 2021 8:49:46 AM

Traditional And Alternative Medicine Act Pdf

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Published: 02.06.2021

Metrics details. A lot of emphasis is often placed on modern governance systems and little or no attention is given to traditional governance practices which remain largely undocumented.

Introductory Chapter: Traditional and Complementary Medicine

Javascript is currently disabled in your browser. Several features of this site will not function whilst javascript is disabled. Received 29 February Published 20 May Volume Pages — Review by Single anonymous peer review.

Editor who approved publication: Dr Eileen O'Reilly. Methods: We conducted a systematic literature search for articles published in the English language in three scientific databases PubMed, Embase and Web of Science. We assessed 96 articles based on titles and abstracts, and 23 articles based on full text. Twelve articles fulfilled preset eligibility criteria.

Conclusion: Use of traditional and complementary medicines is common among cancer patients undergoing conventional cancer treatments. Keywords: traditional and complementary medicine, safety and risk profiles, cancer, conventional cancer therapy, sub-Saharan Africa. Indeed, there is a low For example, in Nigeria We conducted a scoping review because this approach to knowledge synthesis allows the inclusion of studies with different designs conducted over time to be comprehensively collated, summarized and interpreted to gain insights into the phenomenon under investigation, thereby informing interventions and research to improve outcomes.

In particular, scoping reviews have been found to be suitable for synthesis of evidence in emerging fields where diversities of research methodologies have been used to define the landscape through a six-stage framework. The six-stage framework approach to scoping reviews includes identification of research questions, searching for relevant studies, selecting studies based on predetermined criteria, charting the studies, collating and summarizing findings, and consultations with relevant stakeholders to validate study findings.

The study team discussed the proposed study, formulated the study questions and objectives, defined the issues of concern and identified key search terms.

The search terms were developed based on each of the research questions guiding the review. An experienced medical librarian AAK conversant with systematic reviews, scoping reviews and literature search in the health and social sciences guided the formulation of the search terms.

The librarian conducted the literature search for this scoping review. The search terms, databases, dates of last search and number of articles retrieved from each database are detailed in Table 1.

Table 1 Search Terms and Databases Searched. In addition to the articles retrieved based on the search terms in Table 1 , the authors reviewed the bibliographies of included articles for relevant references. Relevant articles identified from references of included articles were included for evaluation. We did not conduct statistical analyses on the data, mainly because of the heterogeneity of the study designs. Medians were determined for prevalence of use and disclosure of use to healthcare professionals, and reported with their respective ranges Table 2.

Arithmetic means for prevalence and disclosure of use have not been calculated as these are often influenced by outliers or extreme values. Table 2 Studies Included in the Scoping Review. In total, 96 articles were retrieved from three databases into separate reference managers. The reference manager files Endnotes were merged and duplicate articles were identified; nine duplicate articles were removed. The titles and abstracts of the remaining articles were reviewed independently by ADM and CA for suitability based on the predefined inclusion criteria.

References of the selected articles were screened for suitable articles; three articles were added from a review of references of selected articles. These articles contributed a sample size of cancer patients with different cancer types.

The majority of the articles were from Nigeria Figure 1 Study evaluation flowchart. The median percent disclosure was Again, percent disclosure varied within and between countries. The reported prevalence of use of each product varied among the studies. In general, herbal products comprising various plant parts prepared in different forms constituted the most common herbal medicinal products in use.

Perceived side effects of concern included loss of weight, general weakness and malaise, nausea and vomiting, diarrhea, itching, skin rashes, headaches and increased urinary frequency. Other patient factors evaluated included age, marital status, educational attainment, income level and religion.

Again, the associations were not consistent across studies. Disease factors evaluated included cancer site and stage at diagnosis. We found that These include part payments, payments after a favorable outcome, e. Reported side effects included increased urinary frequency, nausea and vomiting, diarrhea, loss of weight, generalized weakness and skin rashes. This study has some limitations. First, we included only studies published in the English language and yet a number of countries in SSA could have used other languages, e.

French, in their publications. Second, a systematic review with pooled analyses of data from the individual critically appraised studies could have provided deeper understanding of the subject matter.

The scoping review approach is more suitable to synthesize available knowledge and guide future studies. The authors wish to thank Professor Sunita Vohra for valuable guidance during development of research questions for this review study.

We also thank the library staff who supported the literature search. All authors made substantial contributions to conception and design, acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data; took part in drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content; gave final approval of the version to be published; and agree to be accountable for all aspects of the work. Traditional, complementary and alternative medicine use in Sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic review.

BMJ Global Health. Use of traditional medicine for the treatment of diabetes in Eastern Uganda: a qualitative exploration of reasons for choice. Use of complementary and alternative medicine by cancer patients at the University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu, Nigeria. Traditional medicine practices among community members with diabetes mellitus in Northern Tanzania: an ethnomedical survey. Traditional herbal medicine use among hypertensive patients in Sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic review.

Curr Hypertens Rep. Traditional Medicine Strategy — Geneva: World Health Organization; WHO traditional medicine strategy: — Accessed March 23 , Beijing declaration. An overview of the traditional medicine situation in the African region. Afr Health Monit. Accessed April 10 , Republic of South Africa. Traditional health practitioners act, J Tradit Complement Med.

CA Cancer J Clin. Global cancer transitions according to the Human Development Index — : a population-based study. Lancet Oncol. Cancer in Africa Cancer Epidemiol Biomarker Prev.

Trends in the incidence of cancer in Kampala, Uganda — Int J Cancer. Social, demographic and healthcare factors associated with stage at diagnosis of cervical cancer: cross-sectional study in a tertiary hospital in Northern Uganda.

BMJ Open. Delays in breast cancer presentation and diagnosis at two rural cancer referral centers in Rwanda.

Predictors of cervical cancer being at an advanced stage at diagnosis in Sudan. Int J Women Health. Survival of cervix cancer patients in Kampala, Uganda: — Br J Cancer. Survival of cervix cancer patients in Harare, Zimbabwe, — Cancer survival in Kampala, Uganda.

Erku DA. Complementary and alternative medicine use and its association with quality of life among cancer patients receiving chemotherapy in Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. Psycho Oncol. Characteristics of users and implications for the use of complementary and alternative medicine in Ghanaian cancer patients undergoing radiotherapy and chemotherapy: a cross- sectional study.

Kiwanuka F. Adv Biosci Clin Med. Use of traditional and complementary medicines by cancer patients at a national cancer referral facility in a low-income country.

Eur J Cancer Care Engl. Nabukenya I. Acute and sun-acute toxicity of ethanolic and aqueous extracts of tephrosia vogelii, Vernonia amygdalina and Senna occidentalis in Rodents.

Guide for Authors

Review articles are by invitation only. Note that eJTCM is striving to increase the quality and medical relevance of the publications. Investigation on the mechanisms underlying the preventive or therapeutic effect is mandatory. Descriptive and preliminary studies that are not conclusive and do not contribute to the advancement of our knowledge in the specific field are not considered for publication in eJTCM please, refer to our Editorial note by Isidoro, C. More details in the following documents: 1.


This Act shall be known as the "Traditional and Alternative Medicine Act. (TAMA) of " ARTICLE I. GUIDING PRINCIPLES. SECTION 2. SEC. Declaration of.


COMPLEMENTARY MEDICINES

Javascript is currently disabled in your browser. Several features of this site will not function whilst javascript is disabled. Received 29 February

Publications

Please understand that our phone lines must be clear for urgent medical care needs. When this changes, we will update this web site. Please know that our vaccine supply is extremely small. Many different areas make up the practice of complementary and alternative medicine CAM. In addition, many parts of one field may overlap with the parts of another field.

The plant descriptions in his Peri ulhz iatrikh or De Materia Medica were often adequate for identification, including methods of preparation, medicinal uses, and dosages. There is also a minor work bearing the name of Dioscorides, Peri aplwn farmakwn, but this may not be authentic. Banco font with flames. The medicinal use of therapeutic essential oils can be very helpful and may support the body to bring rapid and welcome relief from a great variety of symptoms. However, the medicinal use of essential oils provides only a part of the many unique and powerful benefits of these complex plant essences.

Никто не проронил ни слова. Он снова посмотрел на Джаббу и закрыл.  - Танкадо отдал кольцо с умыслом. Мне все равно, думал ли он, что тучный господин побежит к телефону-автомату и позвонит нам, или просто хотел избавиться от этого кольца.

Или это ненависть. Они буквально пожирали ее тело. Новая волна паники охватила Сьюзан.

Без воска, Дэвид. Она просияла и прижала записку к груди.

Это была правда. Банк данных АНБ был сконструирован таким образом, чтобы никогда не оставался без электропитания - в результате случайности или злого умысла. Многоуровневая защита силовых и телефонных кабелей была спрятана глубоко под землей в стальных контейнерах, а питание от главного комплекса АНБ было дополнено многочисленными линиями электропитания, независимыми от городской системы снабжения. Поэтому отключение представляло собой сложную серию подтверждений и протоколов, гораздо более сложную, чем запуск ядерной ракеты с подводной лодки.

Он поехал в Испанию не ради денег. Он сделал это из-за Сьюзан. Коммандер Тревор Стратмор - ее наставник и покровитель.

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3 Comments

Nandor M. 02.06.2021 at 14:38

Traditional and Complementary Medicine.

Julien T. 09.06.2021 at 18:58

Astin JA.

Xavier P. 10.06.2021 at 02:59

An Act to make provisions for promotion, control and regulation of traditional and alternative medicines prac- tice, to establish the Tradional and Alternative.

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