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Difference Between Rip And Ospf Pdf

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The Routing Information Protocol RIP is one of the oldest distance-vector routing protocols which employs the hop count as a routing metric. RIP prevents routing loops by implementing a limit on the number of hops allowed in a path from source to destination. RIP implements the split horizon , route poisoning and holddown mechanisms to prevent incorrect routing information from being propagated.

The world is now full of networks and indeed these networks help us to move faster with respect to the communication.

The use of a routing protocol to advertise routes that are learned by some other means, such as by another routing protocol, static routes, or directly connected routes, is called redistribution. While running a single routing protocol throughout your entire IP internetwork is desirable, multi-protocol routing is common for a number of reasons, such as company mergers, multiple departments managed by multiple network administrators, and multi-vendor environments. Running different routing protocols is often part of a network design.

Difference Between RIP and OSPF

The Routing Information Protocol RIP is one of the oldest distance-vector routing protocols which employs the hop count as a routing metric. RIP prevents routing loops by implementing a limit on the number of hops allowed in a path from source to destination.

RIP implements the split horizon , route poisoning and holddown mechanisms to prevent incorrect routing information from being propagated. In RIPv1 routers broadcast updates with their routing table every 30 seconds. In the early deployments, routing tables were small enough that the traffic was not significant. As networks grew in size, however, it became evident there could be a massive traffic burst every 30 seconds, even if the routers had been initialized at random times.

However, it is easy to configure, because RIP does not require any parameters, unlike other protocols. The 4. The routing metric used by RIP counts the number of routers that need to be passed to reach a destination IP network.

The hop count 0 denotes a network that is directly connected to the router. Neighbouring routers receiving the request message respond with a RIPv1 segment, containing their routing table. The requesting router updates its own routing table, with the reachable IP network address, hop count and next hop, that is the router interface IP address from which the RIPv1 response was sent.

As the requesting router receives updates from different neighbouring routers it will only update the reachable networks in its routing table, if it receives information about a reachable network it has not yet in its routing table or information that a network it has in its routing table is reachable with a lower hop count. Therefore, a RIPv1 router will in most cases only have one entry for a reachable network, the one with the lowest hop count.

If a router receives information from two different neighbouring router that the same network is reachable with the same hop count but via two different routes, the network will be entered into the routing table two times with different next hop routers. The RIPv1 enabled router will then perform what is known as equal-cost load balancing for IP packets. RIPv1 enabled routers not only request the routing tables of other routers every 30 seconds, they also listen to incoming requests from neighbouring routers and send their own routing table in turn.

RIPv1 routing tables are therefore updated every 25 to 35 seconds. Sally Floyd and Van Jacobson showed in that, without slight randomization of the update timer, the timers synchronized over time. RIPv1 can be configured into silent mode, so that a router requests and processes neighbouring routing tables, and keeps its routing table and hop count for reachable networks up to date, but does not needlessly send its own routing table into the network.

Silent mode is commonly implemented to hosts. RIPv1 uses classful routing. The periodic routing updates do not carry subnet information, lacking support for variable length subnet masks VLSM. This limitation makes it impossible to have different-sized subnets inside of the same network class. In other words, all subnets in a network class must have the same size. There is also no support for router authentication, making RIP vulnerable to various attacks.

To maintain backward compatibility, the hop count limit of 15 remained. RIPv2 has facilities to fully interoperate with the earlier specification if all Must Be Zero protocol fields in the RIPv1 messages are properly specified. In addition, a compatibility switch feature [9] allows fine-grained interoperability adjustments.

In an effort to avoid unnecessary load on hosts that do not participate in routing, RIPv2 multicasts the entire routing table to all adjacent routers at the address Unicast addressing is still allowed for special applications.

MD5 authentication for RIP was introduced in Route tags were also added in RIP version 2. This functionality allows a distinction between routes learned from the RIP protocol and routes learned from other protocols. RIP defined two types of messages: [4]. The routing information protocol uses the following timers as part of its operation: [13]. It belongs to the same basic family of distance-vector routing protocols.

Cisco has ceased support and distribution of IGRP in their router software. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Computer network protocol. Retrieved 25 May Malkin November RIP Version 2. STD RFC Baker, R. Atkinson, M. Malkin; R. Minnear January RIPng for IPv6.

Retrieved 25 April Routing Information Protocol. The Internet Society. FreeBSD manual pages. NetBSD manual pages. OpenBSD manual pages. Netgear Support pages. Categories : Internet Standards Internet protocols Routing protocols. Namespaces Article Talk.

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Routing Information Protocol

In Routing Information protocol RIP , the maximum number of Hop is 15, because it prevents routing loops from source to destination. Mechanism like split horizon, route poisoning and holdown are used to prevent from incorrect or wrong routing information. Sally Floyd and Van Jacobson [] suggest that, without slight randomization of the timer, the timers are synchronized overtime. Using the link state information which is available in routers, it constructs the topology in which the topology determines the routing table for routing decisions. It supports both variable-length subnet masking and classless inter-domain routing addressing models. The main advantages of the OSPF Open Shortest Path first is that it handles the error detection by itself and it uses multicast addressing for routing in a broadcast domain.


RIP stands for Routing Information Protocol in which distance vector routing protocol is used for data/packet transmission. In Routing Information.


RIP vs OSPF: What Is the Difference?

HI i want to know the exact thing why eigrp is called a hybrid protocol. Eigrp has in its topology table only the routes learned by its neighbors, it does not have any minimal idea of the hole network design, or what is exist behind the neighbors, instead ospf router knows the entire toplogy network and knows every thing about it, so each router in ospf domain can calculate the best routes based on the ospf tree, not based on what the neighbors tell. Plus, when configuring the network command, you can specify a wildcard mask link state or not distance vector.

A routing protocol describes the rules that must be followed by a router while it interacts with neighboring routers to learn the path and to maintain the network in the routing tables. The principal difference is that RIP falls in the category of distance vector routing protocol whereas OSPF is the example of link state routing. IGP Interior gateway routing protocol is restricted to an autonomous system, which means all routers operates inside an autonomous system.

Difference Between RIP and OSPF

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4 Comments

Rule C. 04.06.2021 at 06:45

The world is now full of networks and indeed these networks help us to move faster with respect to the communication.

Benjamin B. 04.06.2021 at 21:37

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James S. 06.06.2021 at 09:17

Routing Protocol Type:The RIP is a distance vector protocol whereas the OSPF is a link state protocol. A distance vector protocol uses the distance or hop counts to determine the transmission path. Hop Count Restriction:The RIP allows only up to 15 hops, whereas in OSPF protocol, there is no such restriction.

Fedro L. 09.06.2021 at 23:42

RIP works to deliver the whole routing table to all active interfaces in every 30 seconds.

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