File Name: storage collection and transportation of municipal solid waste .zip
Solid wastes are all the discarded solid materials from municipal, industrial, and agricultural activities. The objective of solid wastes management SWM are to control, collect, process, utilize and dispose of solid wastes in an economical way consistent with the public health protection. While most of the focus in waste management is on municipal solid waste management, it is important to note that MSW is a small fraction of the total amount of waste generated. In the united states, Summary of definitions following the above listed laws :. Municipal Waste law 38 :. Special waste is considered as waste that has to be disposed separately or at least collected separately from residential waste.
It is hereby declared to be the purpose of this chapter to regulate the storage, collection and disposal of solid waste for all residences and businesses regardless of the amount of solid waste, if any, generated by any particular business or residence in order to protect the public health, safety and welfare and to enhance the environment for the people of the city of Ketchikan. As used in this chapter each of the following terms shall have the meaning herein stated:. Persons, businesses or companies applying for a commercial account shall provide proof of a valid Alaska business license upon request. Terms and conditions of a commercial account including limits and method of payment shall be set by the city finance department. Commercial waste does not include solid waste from apartment buildings, residential complexes with multiple dwelling units or trailer parks.
Solid waste management can be thought of as a chain of linked stages, as shown in Figure 9. The chain begins with the generation of waste by individual households, institutions and workplaces. This is Stage 1, which you learned about in Study Session 7. This study session focuses on Stage 3. Waste treatment and disposal, the final stage, is covered in Study Session In this study session you will be guided through the principles and strategies for storing, collecting, transferring and transporting solid waste.
No data were generated from the work, and all supporting data were obtained from previously published work available via the references below and from the output of the international seminar on which the paper is based. India faces major environmental challenges associated with waste generation and inadequate waste collection, transport, treatment and disposal. Current systems in India cannot cope with the volumes of waste generated by an increasing urban population, and this impacts on the environment and public health. The challenges and barriers are significant, but so are the opportunities. A priority is to move from reliance on waste dumps that offer no environmental protection, to waste management systems that retain useful resources within the economy.
Recycling has always been a matter of obtaining an economic benefit or of helping the environment. Until the Industrial Revolution when materials became more available than labor, reuse and recycling was commonplace. Nearly 4, years ago, there was a recovery and reuse system of bronze scrap in operation in Europe and there is evidence that composting was carried out in China. Since the industrial revolution, the waste production rate has grown greatly.
Solid Waste Management may be defined as the discipline associated with the control of generation, collection, storage, transfer and transport, processing and disposal of solid wastes in a manner that is in accord with the best principles of public health, economics, engineering, conservation, aesthetics and other environmental considerations. Municipal solid waste includes commercial and domestic wastes generated in municipal or notified areas in either solid or semi-solid form excluding industrial hazardous wastes but including treated bio-medical wastes. Littering of municipal solid waste shall be prohibited in cities, towns and in urban areas notified by the State Governments.
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