File Name: list of governor general of british india and their policies .zip
Download this as PDF. The Governors-General were originally the head of the British administration in India during Colonial rule. The Regulating Act, however, granted them additional powers relating to foreign affairs and defence.
In ancient times, people from all over the world were keen to come to India. The Persians followed by the Iranians and Parsis immigrated to India. Then came the Moghuls and they too settled down permanently in India. Chengis Khan, the Mongolian, invaded and looted India many times. Alexander the Great too, came to conquer India but went back after a battle with Porus. He-en Tsang from China came in pursuit of knowledge and to visit the ancient Indian universities of Nalanda and Takshila.
Before , India was divided into two main entities — The British India which consisted of 11 provinces and the Princely states ruled by Indian princes under subsidiary alliance policy. The two entities merged together to form the Indian Union, but many of the legacy systems in British India is followed even now. The historical underpinnings and evolution of the India Constitution can be traced to many regulations and acts passed before Indian Independence. Indian democracy is a Parliamentary form of democracy where the executive is responsible to the Parliament. The Parliament has two houses — Loksabha and Rajyasabha. Also, the type of governance is Federal, ie there is separate executive and legislature at Center and States. We also have self-governance at local government levels.
The Court of Directors assigned a Council of Four based in India to assist the Governor General, and decision of council was binding on the Governor General during — Lord William Bentinck was first to be designated as the Governor general of India in After the Indian Rebellion of , the company rule was brought to an end, but the British India along with princely states came under the direct rule of the British Crown. The Government of India Act created the office of Secretary of State for India in to oversee the affairs of India, which was advised by a new Council of India with 15 members based in London. Following the adoption of the Government of India Act of , the Governor-General as representing the Crown became known as the Viceroy. The designation 'Viceroy', although it was most frequently used in ordinary parlance, had no statutory authority, and was never employed by Parliament.
British Broadcasting Corporation Home. How was the Raj transformed from the jewel in Britain's imperial crown to the independent nations of India and Pakistan? Inevitably, the consequences of this bloody rupture marked the nature of political, social and economic rule that the British established in its wake. It is important to note that the Raj in Hindi meaning 'to rule' or 'kingdom' never encompassed the entire land mass of the sub-continent. Two-fifths of the sub-continent continued to be independently governed by over large and small principalities, some of whose rulers had fought the British during the 'Great Rebellion', but with whom the Raj now entered into treaties of mutual cooperation.
Sir John Shore.
One of our mentor will revert to you within 48 hours. Meanwhile you can Enjoy the Free Study Material. General Awareness is considered an integral part of the competitive exams. From history to polity, facts regarding General Science, Physics, Biology, our constitution, economy, banks and almost everything. Being an SSC exam or Railway exam appearing aspirant, this list will help you to know the complete details of the Governor General and Viceroy of India from the year to
On August 2, , less than a month after Canning proclaimed the victory of British arms, Parliament passed the Government of India Act , transferring British power over India from the East India Company , whose ineptitude was primarily blamed for the mutiny, to the crown. The new policy of religious nonintervention was born equally out of fear of recurring mutiny, which many Britons believed had been triggered by orthodox Hindu and Muslim reaction against the secularizing inroads of utilitarian positivism and the proselytizing of Christian missionaries. The new British military towns were initially erected as secure bases for the reorganized British regiments and were designed with straight roads wide enough for cavalry to gallop through whenever needed. Indian soldiers were also restricted from handling certain sophisticated weaponry. After , with the completion of the Suez Canal and the steady expansion of steam transport reducing the sea passage between Britain and India from about three months to only three weeks, British women came to the East with ever greater alacrity, and the British officials they married found it more appealing to return home with their British wives during furloughs than to tour India as their predecessors had done.
Governor Generals of British India. After winning the Battle of Plassey, he became the Governor of Bengal from and again from It was he who started dual Government in Bengal in Warren Hastings initiated certain drastic measure to consolidate the power of Company like withdrawing the annual tribute that was paid to the Mughals.
Acquisition of territories in Malay Penisula; Capture of Bharatpur Lord W. Concluded a treaty of perpetual friendship with Ranjit Singh ; Passed the Charter Act of , which provided that no Indian subject of Company was to be debarred from holding an office on account of his religion, place of birth, descent and colour.
The Governors-General were originally the head of the British administration in India during Colonial rule. The office was created in , with the title of Governor-General of the Presidency of Fort William. Complete authority over all of British India was granted in , and the official came to be known as the "Governor-General of India". Governors of Fort William in Bengal Roger Drake 2. Robert Clive First Administration; 3. Holwell Officiating; 4.
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Warren Hastings.Sarah N. 29.05.2021 at 06:07