File Name: organic farming advantages and disadvantages .zip
Organic food is a big growth area for consumer demand. Once thought to be the preserve of the wealthy or eco-eccentrics, organic food is going mainstream with many people from across the spectrum wishing to purchase organic food. Organic farming avoids the use of artificial fertilisers and pesticides but relies on more traditional methods of fertilisation and pest control, such as crop rotation, barrier nets and natural pest control. Despite the demand for organic food growing strongly, In the US only 0. It means that for organic food, the US and UK are reliant on food imports.
Even though organic farming has been around since the Neolithic period, when our ancestors turned from hunters and gatherers to farmers, there is no doubt that it is experiencing a bit of a comeback in recent years. The main reason behind this growth in popularity is that the majority of consumers take into consideration the health benefits of chemical-free products, care about animal welfare and make conscious choices to prevent further environmental degradation. With ever-increasing awareness about toxic chemicals used extensively in modern agriculture, more people are willing to pay higher prices for organically produced food. According to the Research Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBL , the demand for organic products is constantly on the rise, which makes this way of farming economically interesting for farmers; India is in the lead when it comes to the number of organic producers, while Australia has the largest proportion of organically farmed land over These developments have had a positive impact on the availability of organic food in local markets, which enables more people to enjoy benefits of eating organic chemical-free food. But just like any other way of farming, organic agriculture also has its downsides. This is probably one of the strongest arguments in favor of organically-grown produce.
There are however both advantages and disadvantages when it comes to production of organic food, the choice of many farmers being not to produce organic.
Organic agriculture is a production system that regenerates the health of soils, ecosystems, and people. Organic farmers rely on natural processes, biodiversity, and cycles adapted to local conditions rather than the use of synthetic inputs like chemical fertilizers, pesticides, and herbicides. GMOs are not allowed in organic. The essential difference between organic and conventional farming is that conventional farming relies on chemical intervention to fight pests and weeds and provide plant nutrition.
Despite the good things about organic farming why do most farmers still operate by industrialized agriculture? Here we explore the pros and cons organic farming presents for consumers and producers, as well as examining the environmental effects of organic farming. Watch the video.
Organic farming is an agricultural system which originated early in the 20th century in reaction to rapidly changing farming practices. Certified organic agriculture accounts for 70 million hectares globally, with over half of that total in Australia. It is defined by the use of fertilizers of organic origin such as compost manure , green manure , and bone meal and places emphasis on techniques such as crop rotation and companion planting.
In organic farming, crops , meat and other food are produced without chemicals. Fertilizers , pesticides , growth hormones and antibiotics are forbidden. During thousands of years of civilization the raising of animals and growing of plants have always been organic. Chemicals for farming first came up at the turn of the 20th century. Widespread use of chemicals began after World War II.
List of the Disadvantages of Organic Farming · 1. There are no subsidies offered for most organic farmers. · 2. It requires more work to produce.
The word organic has become the buzzword in the recent times owing to the growing awareness of consumers on the drastic effects of chemical laden products on humans, animals and the environment. The label containing the words organic, green, natural and eco-friendly are drawing much attention of public though they are exceptionally priced. Of course, it is not a fad, but just a way of getting back to our traditional way of producing and consuming food. There is a lot of science behind the word organic and it is applicable in its own way to each field.
What is organic farming? What specifications and standards does organic farming follow? Advantages and disadvantages of organic farming? Organic farming can be defined as a system of management and agricultural production that combines a high level of biodiversity with environmental practices that preserve natural resources and has rigorous standards for animal welfare. The term organic farming can apply to the following categories of products:.
Organic farming promotes biodiversity. According to a study by the Environment Program, organic farming yields less than normal farming. In the pillars of food security, a recent study in Science-Digest stressed that promotion of organic farming can intensify yield production particularly in poor countries where inputs for conventional agriculture are highly expensive, thus contributing to increased food security.
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Disadvantages of organic farming. Organic food is more expensive because farmers do not get as much out of their land as conventional farmers do. Production costs are higher because farmers need more workers. Marketing and distribution is not efficient because organic food is produced in smaller amounts.