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Difference Between Type 1 And Type 2 Diabetes Pdf Journals

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Richard J. Mahler, Michael L. SIXTEEN million individuals in the United States with type 2 diabetes mellitus and an additional 30—40 million with impaired glucose tolerance result in health care costs exceeding billion dollars annually 1.

Type 1 Diabetes

Patient education and self management are central to treating type 2 diabetes mellitus and preventing its associated complications. There are 4. Around one in three of these people will already have microvascular complications on diagnosis of type 2 diabetes mellitus T2DM [1] and the risk of developing cardiovascular complications e. Another complication, diabetic retinopathy, is a leading cause of preventable sight loss among working-age people wth T2DM in the UK [5]. More than a third of people who require kidney dialysis or a kidney transplant have diabetes [6]. Diabetes mellitus is a long-term condition characterised by hyperglycaemia as a result of insulin deficiency, insulin resistance, or both [8].

Diabetes means your blood glucose, or blood sugar , levels are too high. With type 2 diabetes, the more common type, your body does not make or use insulin well. Insulin is a hormone that helps glucose get into your cells to give them energy. Without insulin, too much glucose stays in your blood. Over time, high blood glucose can lead to serious problems with your heart , eyes , kidneys , nerves , and gums and teeth. You have a higher risk of type 2 diabetes if you are older, have obesity, have a family history of diabetes, or do not exercise.

The global escalation of obesity and diabetes in developed and developing nations poses a great health challenge. Obesity is one of the major causes of type 2 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is primarily due to the autoimmune-mediated destruction of pancreatic beta cell leading to insulin deficiency [ 1 — 3 ]. This is usually accompanied by alterations in lipid metabolism, enhanced hyperglycemia-mediated oxidative stress, endothelial cell dysfunction, and apoptosis [ 1 — 3 ]. Similarly, in type 2 diabetes, increased glucotoxicity, lipotoxicity, endoplasmic reticulum-induced stress, and apoptosis lead to the progressive loss of beta cells [ 1 — 5 ]. While type 1 diabetes is characterized by the presence of beta cell autoantibodies, a combination of peripheral insulin resistance and dysfunctional insulin secretion by pancreatic beta cells is implicated in the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes [ 1 — 3 ]. However, both forms of diabetes are associated by a wide variety of complications such as cardiomyopathy, nephropathy, and neuropathy.

Insulin Resistance, Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes, and Related Complications 2017

Diabetes mellitus DM is a chronic metabolic disorder characterized by persistent hyperglycemia. It may be due to impaired insulin secretion, resistance to peripheral actions of insulin, or both. Chronic hyperglycemia in synergy with the other metabolic aberrations in patients with diabetes mellitus can cause damage to various organ systems, leading to the development of disabling and life-threatening health complications, most prominent of which are microvascular retinopathy, nephropathy, and neuropathy and macrovascular complications leading to a 2-fold to a 4-fold increased risk of cardiovascular diseases. This activity reviews the pathophysiology of DM and highlights the role of the interprofessional team in its management. Objectives: Recall the etiology of diabetes mellitus. Describe the pathophysiology of diabetes mellitus.

Type 2 diabetes T2D , formerly known as adult-onset diabetes , is a form of diabetes that is characterized by high blood sugar , insulin resistance , and relative lack of insulin. The classic symptoms of diabetes are frequent urination polyuria , increased thirst polydipsia , increased hunger polyphagia , and weight loss. Type 2 diabetes is typically a chronic disease associated with a ten-year-shorter life expectancy. Consumption of sugar-sweetened drinks in excess is associated with an increased risk. There are a number of rare cases of diabetes that arise due to an abnormality in a single gene known as monogenic forms of diabetes or "other specific types of diabetes".

Deshmukh Marg, Mumbai — , Maharashtra, India. Vast population worldwide is suffering from this disease and yet it is found to be untreatable. The number of people suffering from T2 DM in India is expected to rise from Modern lifestyle and food habits have been responsible for tremendous rise in the number of patients all over the world. Even though, the symptoms of T2 DM are seen in the later stages of life, the onset of the disease occurs quite early.

Obesity is one of the major causes of type 2 diabetes. Type 1 Among the different types of bariatric surgeries is Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery [12]. In a related article ;9(1, article e) doi: /elizabethsid.org Formats: Article; |; PubReader; |; ePub (beta); |; PDF (K); |; Cite.

Diabetes Type 2

Diabetes mellitus DM , commonly known as diabetes , is a group of metabolic disorders characterized by a high blood sugar level over a prolonged period of time. Diabetes is due to either the pancreas not producing enough insulin , or the cells of the body not responding properly to the insulin produced. Type 1 diabetes must be managed with insulin injections. The classic symptoms of untreated diabetes are unintended weight loss , polyuria increased urination , polydipsia increased thirst , and polyphagia increased hunger.

Type 2 diabetes mellitus T2DM affects a large population worldwide. T2DM causes dysfunctions in multiple organs or tissues. The etiology of human T2DM is multifactorial, with genetic background and physical inactivity as two critical components.

Cellular, Molecular and Therapeutic Advances in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Diagnosis and management of type 2 diabetes mellitus

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International Journal of Diabetes and Clinical Research is a global peer reviewed open access journal that emphasis on the different aspects of clinical diabetes.

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Article · Figures & Tables · Info & Metrics · PDF The consequence of such genetic admixture for type 1 or type 2 diabetes is not known, genotype differences between young-onset and adult-onset type 1 diabetes (rev. in 26). Advertising · Privacy Policy: ADA Journals · Copyright Notice/Public Access Policy · Contact Us.