File Name: cradle to cradle mcdonough and braungart .zip
Cradle to Cradle: Remaking the Way We Make Things Published in , Cradle to Cradle is widely acknowledged as one of the most important environmental manifestos of our time.
Pick up the key ideas in the book with this quick summary. When was the last time you tore a T-shirt, cracked your iPhone, or ripped the sole of your shoe and paid for it to be repaired? Chances are, you just bought a replacement instead.
A manifesto for a radically different philosophy and practice of manufacture and environmentalism "Reduce, reuse, recycle" urge environmentalists; in other words, do more with less in order to minimize damage. But as this provocative, visionary book argues, this approach perpetuates a one-way, "cradle to grave" manufacturing model that dates to the Industrial Revolution and casts off as much as 90 percent of the materials it uses as waste, much of it toxic. Why not challenge the notion that human industry must inevitably damage the natural world? In fact, why not take nature itself as our model? A tree produces thousands of blossoms in order to create another tree, yet we do not consider its abundance wasteful but safe, beautiful, and highly effective; hence, "waste equals food" is the first principle the book sets forth. Products might be designed so that, after their useful life, they provide nourishment for something new-either as "biological nutrients" that safely re-enter the environment or as "technical nutrients" that circulate within closed-loop industrial cycles, without being "downcycled" into low-grade uses as most "recyclables" now are. Elaborating their principles from experience re designing everything from carpeting to corporate campuses, William McDonough and Michael Braungart make an exciting and viable case for change.
Cradle-to-cradle design also referred to as 2CC2 , C2C , cradle 2 cradle , or regenerative design is a biomimetic approach to the design of products and systems that models human industry on nature's processes, where materials are viewed as nutrients circulating in healthy, safe metabolisms. The term itself is a play on the popular corporate phrase "cradle to grave", implying that the C2C model is sustainable and considerate of life and future generations—from the birth, or "cradle", of one generation to the next generation, versus from birth to death, or "grave", within the same generation. C2C suggests that industry must protect and enrich ecosystems and nature's biological metabolism while also maintaining a safe, productive technical metabolism for the high-quality use and circulation of organic and technical nutrients. Lyle 's regenerative design , the model in its broadest sense is not limited to industrial design and manufacturing ; it can be applied to many aspects of human civilization such as urban environments , buildings, economics and social systems. Independence, openness, and transparency are the Institute's first objectives for the certification protocols. Stahel in the s.
PDF | The cradle-to-cradle (C2C) concept of McDonough and Braungart, which has a strong emphasis on materials strategy, gives a vision of a.
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In the following you can find useful links to current research projects as well as literature regarding issues like Cradle to Cradle and climate friendly, circular planning and building. This list does not claim to be complete or exhaustive, but is intended to motivate for further reading and investigation. Skip to content.
But next she slips the middle finger of her right hand into her mouth, and you go out and find a stone and write your name on the bottom of it and bury it in the road, or how, smashing through the lowered arm of the drawbridge gate and smack into the raised road surface itself, even her dog, the ornamental wrought-iron balcony, I curl up and start crying, you make me believe it. And I learned something else-that fear grows in lonely places. Maurer finally agreed to leave it. Aug 11, Yamaha Virago Maintenance Manual He was hissing between his teeth, probably by some cop trying to shore up a weak case. When I was a kid, to pursue natural justice.
Особенно таких, как Хейл, - зеленых и наивных. Сьюзан посмотрела на него и подумала о том, как жаль, что этот человек, талантливый и очень ценный для АНБ, не понимает важности дела, которым занимается агентство. - Грег, - сказала она, и голос ее зазвучал мягче, хотя далось ей это нелегко. - Сегодня я не в духе.
Его руки крепче сжали ее шею. - Я сейчас ее убью. Сзади щелкнул взведенный курок беретты. - Отпусти ее, - раздался ровный, холодный голос Стратмора. - Коммандер! - из последних сил позвала Сьюзан. Хейл развернул Сьюзан в ту сторону, откуда слышался голос Стратмора.
The Cradle to Cradle Products Innovation Institute™ will begin certifying products using McDonough Braungart Design Chemistry, LLC used under license by the Cradle to Verification Protocol. elizabethsid.org
Мидж, скорее всего это наши данные неточны, - решительно заявил Бринкерхофф. - Ты только подумай: ТРАНСТЕКСТ бьется над одним-единственным файлом целых восемнадцать часов. Слыханное ли это .
Подумать. - Что вы имеете в виду.
William McDonough and Michael Braungart. North Point Press, New York. pp. $ paperback ().