File Name: successful instrumentation and control systems design by michael d whitt .zip
Drawing on over 20 years of experience as an instructor and developer of technical support and training materials for major drives manufacturers, the author of this practical reference introduces engineering concepts of motors and drives in a way that can be easily understood.
Design is frequently more of an art than a science.
The International Society of Automation is a non-profit professional association founded in to create a better world through automation. ISA advances technical competence by connecting the automation community to achieve operational excellence. The organization develops widely-used global standards; certifies industry professionals; provides education and training; publishes books and technical articles; hosts conferences and exhibits; and provides networking and career development programs for its 40, members and , customers around the world.
By Michael D. The information presented in this publication is for the general education of the reader. Because neither the author nor the publisher have any control over the use of the information by the reader, both the author and the publisher disclaim any and all liability of any kind arising out of such use.
The reader is expected to exercise sound professional judgment in using any of the information presented in a particular application.
Additionally, neither the author nor the publisher have investigated or considered the effect of any patents on the ability of the reader to use any of the information in a particular application. The reader is responsible for reviewing any possible patents that may affect any particular use of the information presented.
Any references to commercial products in the work are cited as examples only. Neither the author nor the publisher endorse any referenced commercial product. Any trademarks or tradenames referenced belong to the respective owner of the mark or name. Neither the author nor the publisher make any representation regarding the availability of any referenced commercial product at any time.
No part of this work may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the publisher. I also thank my many friends in the professional community here in Knoxville: the folks at Raytheon—now Lauren—with whom I have worked for 15 years, and the wonderful team at Mesa Associates, Inc.
And, of course, to Susan Colwell and my other friends at ISA who helped shepherd this project to its conclusion — thanks.
Figure Cross-sectional views of cable orientation before, during, and after a conduit bend. This book began long ago when, as a department supervisor at Raytheon Engineers and Constructors, I started a regular lunch and learn training program. Over time, my lesson plans evolved into this book, which now encompasses a broad spectrum of design issues. It is my belief that to be efficient, a design team must be able to anticipate troublesome issues before they arise and respond to situations quickly without much conscious thought.
In this business, conscious thought takes the form of a design meeting or interruption in the flow of the engineering process. How much better would it be if the situation were handled real-time or even ahead of time at the lowest level possible on the design floor? An effective organization is one in which every member of the team is aware of the issues at hand. Cross-training is expensive and difficult to implement, particularly on projects with tight timelines and budgets.
If the design staff has situational awareness, that staff will consume fewer units of management effort, will be more able to react to emerging issues, and will allow a group of individuals to behave as more of a team. That is the thought behind this book: to provide perspective and situational awareness. Few books really attempt to describe the art of Instrumentation and Controls design from ground level. This book will do just that. In addition, this second edition reflects the trend toward tighter integration between the traditional engineering process and the systems integration and panel fabrication processes.
End users are insisting on single-source service providers that can provide all three of these services under one purchase order.
Consulting companies that can provide all three of these services as an organic product as opposed to partnering are said to be companies with Integrated Control Systems ICS capabilities. The advantages of streamlined information flow and internal process coordination give these new-look companies an advantage in the marketplace. For those who do not regularly work on design projects from conception to implementation, this book will be enlightening.
For those who do, this will be a second opinion. What is a project? What are the different elements that make up the project team, and how do they interact? How does a project start? What is involved in planning and estimating? How do you track performance during the execution of the project? What are the deliverables that can reasonably be expected?
What are some of the industry standards that should be consulted? What is good design practice given certain situations? How does a relay work and when is it appropriate to use one? What is a good wire numbering scheme? Also, background information relating to the control system is given. What is a control system? What is systems integration?
How should you go about selecting an integrator? These questions and more will be addressed. To the degree possible, the organization reflects the order of a typical project process flow.
Since the end result of a design project is a set of documents that can be used to build and maintain a facility, engineering deliverables are discussed in detail. Low-cost alternatives to the typical product are presented where applicable. Who should read this book? Some of the sections are very detailed, while others merely hit the high points. References to spreadsheet and database tools are made throughout the book. In most cases, the tools are used to teach a topic, though many of them are also practical design tools developed on-the-fly.
For example, in the cabinet arrangement task in Part III, the tool is merely a teaching aid. In that case, free vendor software is available and should be used when available.
Other tools, like the estimating and scheduling package, are useful to the design supervisor, regardless of any upper-level scheduling systems that help report status, but are not effective in helping manage work.
Design is frequently more of an art than a science. Some may take issue with some of the approaches presented here, having developed other methods of their own that are, perhaps, better.
But the design concepts presented here are proven and provide the keys to a successful project. And, if you believe as I do that the best-learned lessons are those learned in the trenches, then this book is for you! A couple of clarifications must be made before we begin. Throughout this book, owner is synonymous with customer and buyer. Service provider is an entity that can provide both products and services. The Second Edition presents a major revision to Part I. Several sections have been added to give the reader more tools for either managing a project, or for anticipating the needs of the project manager.
Some techniques for leading and participating in project meetings are presented with a view toward turning a potential time-waster into a time saver. The topic of contracts was revised for readability and expanded. Modifications were made in Part II, updating the sections on Industrial Ethernet and practical system design, and updating some of the diagrams and charts. Part III modifications were minor.
The CD was updated with the new figures. The world of process control is a dynamic one. At its most elemental level, a process control system provides a means of communicating process information e. The information must be accurate, repeatable and useful. Then the system must provide a means to let the user modify the manufacturing process as necessary to achieve a desired effect. The system should alert the user if control elements fail, and should react to such a failure in a way that will minimize risk to personnel and equipment.
The best way to meet these needs is to ensure that the control system is well-designed during the engineering phase. Designing a process control system that will meet the requirements of the operational user, the constructor, the maintenance team, as well as the funding authority is a difficult task, indeed, as these needs can conflict at times.
The challenge is to take the limited resources available, and generate a design that is not gold-plated, but is still appropriate to the task at hand. Just as a manufacturing process takes raw material, processes it, and yields a finished product, so must the control system design process function. The raw material, in the case of the controls profession, is minutiae—a multitude of minute bits of information.
In order for control systems professionals to design a control system that functions properly, the design process must provide a means of efficiently collecting, managing, and presenting this mass of information to yield a clear, concise set of design deliverables that are useful to the construction team, operations and maintenance. Historically, and still today in the majority of projects, each entity was actually a different company that would combine with the others to form a team for a particular project, and then disband afterward.
Each new organization adds layers of complexity to the project for the customer and for project management. Today, sellers of engineering and construction services sellers are beginning to react to pricing pressures and customer buyer stipulations by either absorbing additional facets of the controls business into their basic set of services, or by entering into strategic partnerships with systems integrators, panel fabricators and others that allow them to present a unified business model to the customer.
This consolidation process is a trend that is likely to continue, as it offers the customer an option to shop for turnkey control system solutions rather than for a laundry list of independent services. This book describes the typical elements of a controls engineering package and the design process that creates it. The project management and basic design techniques presented here are merely one approach.
But the deliverables discussed comprise the basic elements of most design packages. Some of the documents described are legal documents that must be a part of any engineering project.
Some are necessary for continued plant maintenance, while others are only needed during construction. These issues are discussed in detail as appropriate.
So, what characterizes the perfect project? And, once perfection is approached, it is all too often short-lived. There are just too many variables. A design package that is perfectly applied in one application may be quite unacceptable in another.
The phrase level of detail is the bane of all design engineers. A highly detailed package that is the ideal tool for construction might blow the engineering budget, or might be worthless for maintenance. Conversely, a design package that is too sparse might spare the engineering budget, but cause huge cost overruns and delays in construction.
Successful instrumentation and control systems design Whitt. Discover Book Depository's huge selection of Michael D Whitt books online Free delivery worldwide on over 20 million titles. Find helpful customer reviews and review ratings for Successful Instrumentation and Control Systems Design at Amazon com Read honest and unbiased product reviews from our users. Successful Instrumentation and Control Systems Design, The International Society of Automation is a non-profit professional association founded in to create a better world through automation ISA advances technical competence by connecting the automation community to achieve operational excellence.
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Written in English. Reasons against repealing the Occasional, and Test acts, and admitting the Dissenters to places of trust and power. This book and CD-ROM combination draws on 25 years of design engineering experience from the author to provide you with a roadmap to understanding the design process Successful instrumentation and control systems design book 1. Successful instrumentation and control systems design Whitt, Michael D.
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