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Population Growth And Explosion Pdf

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Population growth is the increase in the number of individuals in a population. Global human population growth amounts to around 83 million annually, [2] or 1. The global population has grown from 1 billion in to 7.

The world population explosion: causes, backgrounds and projections for the future

Not a MyNAP member yet? Register for a free account to start saving and receiving special member only perks. This brief statement of population problems indicates the pervasive and depressive effect that uncontrolled growth of population can have on many aspects of human welfare.

Nearly all our economic, social, and political problems become more difficult to solve in the face of uncontrolled population growth. It is clear that even in the wealthier nations many individuals and families experience misery and unhappiness because of the birth of unwanted children.

The desirability of limiting family size is now fairly generally, though not universally, recognized, particularly among the better-educated and culturally advanced segments of the population in many countries. Effective voluntary control of family size essentially depends upon the successful interaction of two variables: level or intensity of motivation and the availability and utility of procedures.

When motivation is high and sustained, difficult procedures for controlling fertility can be used successfully, but when motivation is weak and erratic, simple procedures that impose few demands are essential. Quite obviously any comprehensive program for solving population problems must work with both these variables, must seek to enhance motivation and also to improve procedures for voluntary control of fertility.

A broadly based effort to develop clearer understanding of the physiology and biochemistry of the reproductive process is a primary requirement. Work in this area can be effectively strengthened by expansion and coordination of the activities of the few existing laboratories now devoted to basic problems of human reproduction.

There is a parallel need—no less important—for extensive, systematic application of new basic knowledge in the development of new techniques, procedures, devices, and medically active compounds for the regulation of fertility. Inherent in this requirement is the necessity for assurance of safety in techniques and procedures, and freedom from undesirable side-effects from compounds and treatments. These objectives require extensive studies in chemistry, physiology, and biochemistry, with large animal colonies and clinical facilities for large-scale animal and, subsequently, human tests.

The limited field surveys and experiments reported upon in this document must be enlarged, and new projects of this kind undertaken on a continuing basis in many more parts of the world, making effective use of growing bio-medical knowledge and newly developed devices, techniques, and compounds.

The objectives of these projects should be two-fold: 1 to determine the advantages and disadvantages of various techniques, procedures, and devices, and 2 to determine the degree and scope of their acceptability in various societies, cultures, and economies.

To reach the objective, the means must be provided and they must be accepted and used. We believe that the implementation of the recommendations in this report will lead to substantial increases in our effective knowledge and will also encourage the use of this increased knowledge in a successful attack on the many problems of rapid and uncontrolled population growth.

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2.1 Trends and causes of population growth

Human overpopulation or human population overshoot refers to a human population that is too large to be sustained by its environment in the long term. The idea is usually discussed in the context of world population , though it may also concern regions. Human population growth has in recent centuries become exponential due to changes in technology that reduce mortality. Experts concerned by this trend argue that it results in a level of resource consumption which exceeds the environment's carrying capacity , leading to population overshoot. The subject is often discussed in relation to other population concerns such as demographic push , depopulation , ecological or societal collapse , and human extinction. Human overpopulation as a scholarly concern was popularized by Paul Ehrlich in his book The Population Bomb.


PDF | The rapid increase of human population is putting an incredible strain on our environment. While developed countries continue to pollute the | Find, read​.


Population Growth: Causes, Characteristics and Explosion of Population Growth

Read this article to learn about the causes, characteristics and explosion of population growth! The growth in human population around the world affects all people through its impact on the economy and environment. Image Courtesy : digitaljournal. The current rate of population growth is now a significant burden to human well-being. Understanding the factors which affect population growth patterns can help us plan for the future.

The largest single threat to the ecology and biodiversity of the planet in the decades to come will be global climate disruption due to the buildup of human-generated greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. People around the world are beginning to address the problem by reducing their carbon footprint through less consumption and better technology. But unsustainable human population growth can overwhelm those efforts, leading us to conclude that we not only need smaller footprints, but fewer feet. Portland, Oregon, for example, decreased its combined per-capita residential energy and car driving carbon footprint by 5 percent between and During this same period, however, its population grew by 8 percent.

Dear EarthTalk : To what extent does human population growth impact global warming, and what can be done about it? No doubt human population growth is a major contributor to global warming, given that humans use fossil fuels to power their increasingly mechanized lifestyles. According to the United Nations Population Fund, human population grew from 1. Think about it: It took all of time for population to reach 1.

At the beginning of the nineteenth century, the total world population crossed the threshold of 1 billion people for the first time in the history of the homo sapiens sapiens.

Main Effects of Population Explosion in India

If you create an account, you can set up a personal learning profile on the site. Figure 2. Growth is slow until the middle of the 20th century, when the gradient slope of the graph increases, indicating a change to more rapid population growth. The graph continues into the future to a predicted global population in in excess of 9 billion. There are many factors that influence this trend.

Overpopulation or overabundance occurs when a species' population becomes so excessive that people deem it must be managed. It can result from an increase in births fertility rate , a decline in the mortality rate , an increase in immigration , or a depletion of resources. When overpopulation occurs the available resources become too limited for the entire population to survive comfortably or at all in long term. In ecology , overpopulation is a concept used primarily in wildlife management. As such, overpopulation is thus characterised by an increase in the diseases and parasite-load which live upon the species in question, as the entire population is weaker.


The human popula-tion will increase by 1 billion people in the next decade. This is like adding the whole population of China to the world's population. The growth​.


Introduction

Not a MyNAP member yet? Register for a free account to start saving and receiving special member only perks. The value placed upon large families especially among under-privileged rural populations in less developed countries who benefit least from the process of development , the assurance of security for the elderly, the ability of women to control reproduction, and the status and rights of women within families and within societies are significant cultural factors affecting family size and the demand for family planning services. Even with a demand for family planning services, the adequate availability of and access to family planning and other reproductive health services are essential in facilitating slowing of the population growth rate. Also, access to education and the ability of women to determine their own economic security influence their reproductive decisions. The magnitude of the threat to the ecosystem is linked to human population size and resource use per person. Resource use, waste production and environmental degradation are accelerated by population growth.

Volume 29, Issue 4, 2020

Not a MyNAP member yet? Register for a free account to start saving and receiving special member only perks. This brief statement of population problems indicates the pervasive and depressive effect that uncontrolled growth of population can have on many aspects of human welfare. Nearly all our economic, social, and political problems become more difficult to solve in the face of uncontrolled population growth.

Persons are means as well as ends of economic development. They are an asset if in adequate strength and prove to be a liability if excess in strength. So problem of population explosion in India has proved to be a big hindrance in the success of economic planning and development.

Population Growth: Causes, Characteristics and Explosion of Population Growth

5 Comments

Neudolnighcomp 21.05.2021 at 14:01

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Mireille G. 25.05.2021 at 14:57

Human overpopulation or particularly human population overshoot refers to a human population being too large in a way that their society or environment cannot readily sustain them.

Probheartjora 26.05.2021 at 18:23

Next, the mechanisms behind unprecedented population growth are explained and plausible scenarios for future developments are discussed.

Leonides O. 26.05.2021 at 22:37

The most spectacular demographic changes in the whole of human history are currently taking place on the African continent and this development is set to continue over the course of the coming decades.

Calanzuizhuan 27.05.2021 at 17:50

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