File Name: david and goliath malcolm gladwell.zip
Palestine, a shepherd boy felled a mighty warrior with nothing more than a stone and a sling, and. Ireland's Troubles, the minds of cancer researchers and civil rights leaders, murder and the high. Three thousand years ago, on a battlefield in ancient Palestine, a shepherd boy felled a mighty warrior with nothing more than a stone and a sling, and ever since then the names of David and Goliath have stood for battles between underdogs and giants.
Read the full comprehensive summary at Shortform. In David and Goliath , Malcolm Gladwell argues that what we often think of as disadvantages may actually be advantages, and that advantages of goliaths may turn into disadvantages.
Start growing! Boost your life and career with the best book summaries. To be or not to be a Goliath? We all aspire to become giants, associating this concept with greatness and success.
But are we wrong to do that? I dare to tell you the conclusion: being a giant may be a great disadvantage. Being a giant makes you slow, makes you a large target. But reality will hit you at some point: you are just weak. This conflict reshaped the concept of warfare in history.
According to some this story is just a myth, to others a real one, it is all up to you. Young shepherd boy defeated a mighty ancient warrior using only a stone and small sling, since then, people tell this story about David and Goliath to motivate others that everyone has a chance. Gladwell starts with the simple explanations of what really happened that day. You should be an enthusiastic person, eager to learn, to understand, to listen and most importantly to believe as David did all those years ago.
From there, David and Goliath story analyze many new troubles like civil rights struggles, cancer researchers, political conflicts, civil wars, bankruptcy, etc. The little fellow has, from the beginning, the great advantage of being underestimated. Vivek Ranadive was an Indian immigrant in the United States who had never trained basketball teams and knew very little about the sport. Still, he accepted a challenge. To overcome this challenge, he asked a former professional player named Roger Craig and his daughter Rometra, who had already played high school basketball, for help.
But something special happened. From an outside perspective, he understood the rules of the game but did not understand why the teams were not able to defend themselves from the other teams when the ball returned to the court after a basket. He also knew that his team was not as talented as the others and so could not compete using the traditional way of playing.
With a strong defense, it did not matter if they did not have fantastic 3 pointers or tall players. While the hard and steady defense was at stake, they were able to steal the ball and move forward. The weak team, ignored, won game after game because they innovated and left the conventional because they knew their weaknesses. That makes it clear that it is necessary to know our weaknesses and think outside the box to create an advantage in our unlikely conflicts.
Have you ever heard of the inverted U curve? It is a mountain-shaped curve that describes the correlation between having too much of something and not having enough. There, colleges boast having rooms with fewer students, stating that this allows for more interactions between students and teachers. When a class has fewer students, less discussion arises because there is so much diversity.
On the other hand, a large group too can encourage a lot of interaction between students and impair learning. Initially, having more than one thing is better, but when the marginal utility of that thing decreases, the effect is negative.
Reducing class size can yield positive results, but at a certain point it can eliminate diversity and cause problems. That is demonstrated by the inverted U curve.
There is an optimum point, a size in which the class is most efficient in learning. The same goes for wealth. Studies prove that when you have too much money, it can be challenging to raise your children because if there is no shortage, the perceived value of things diminishes.
Every artist wanted to be in the Salon, the gallery that brought together the works of the greatest artists of France. But there was a catch. To be in the Salon, an artist had to adopt the standards accepted by the gallery of what art really meant. This norm resulted in artists works becoming standardized. These artists created Impressionism, and their pieces were acclaimed by society.
If they had conformed to the Salon standards, they would never have projected themselves. Another interesting example, student Caroline Sachs was an above average student and was looking for a university to pursue her studies. Most students chose the university that had the best reputation because they valued the curriculum and gave them a better chance of getting a good job.
The problem with this way of thinking is that if you go to the best school with the best students, it is harder to stand out and you become just another fish in the sea. Caroline chose the most renowned university and immediately became a mediocre student, which was something new to her, who had always been among the best. She could not handle it well, which made her drop out of college. Imagine how it would have been if she had made the opposite choice. The act of comparing ourselves with widely accepted standards undermines our self-confidence and prevents us from realizing our full potential.
When we think of dyslexic people, we immediately feel sorry for the people affected, judging them less capable than the others. However, a myth of the modern world is that to be successful you need to be better than your competitors in all areas.
You do not have to be better at everything. Lawyer David Boies was dyslexic. As a young man, he discovered that he had great difficulty with reading, and instead of giving up, he continued to try to improve his reading skills.
That did not work for him. He listened to people with gusto and recorded in memory everything he heard. That was his strength. He was special in retaining the knowledge he heard, and this allowed him to succeed. Many people with dyslexia have the same quality and succeed by overcoming dyslexia in this way. But he accepted his weakness and decided to seek opportunities in the financial market, although everyone doubted him. He once got into a taxi along with a stockbroker, and within an hour convinced his colleague that he was very successful as a stockbroker.
The man fell into the conversation and gave him the chance to start in the stock market. During World War II, it was discovered that three things could occur after a bombing: When the bomb strikes, people in that area die and the enemy is neutralized.
When the bomb misses by little, the people in the area are frightened, in shock and disbelieved about the future. When the bomb misses completely, people celebrate and get strengthened by not being hit. In the latter case, people feel invincible and increase their confidence.
Emil Jay Freireich, in his life, lived a similar situation, in which the bomb missed by far and he became stronger.
Life for him had been difficult, his family had lost everything with the Great Depression , his father committed suicide, and his mother had an underpaying job to support the family. Jay channeled his sorrows and frustrations into becoming a doctor. He persevered toward an unlikely future for someone who had such a difficult history. As a doctor, he seemed a little rude and did not have much sympathy for patients and their families. Working at the Cancer Hospital in Washington, he was known for adopting unusual and dangerous treatments.
His unconventional approach made him one of the most successful doctors in the treatment of leukemia. For Gladwell, it is possible to break out of hellish scenarios and emerge stronger and more victorious. In , a photo during a protest of black students in Birmingham began a movement. In this photo, you can see a policeman throwing a German shepherd over a young student, to attack him.
This story has an interesting origin. Because he had always been subjugated by society, he learned to use the wisdom of the streets to get out of difficult situations. He was not a rebel by choice, but by necessity. Walker once urged his fellow combatants to march in the city, but many people did not show up. He postponed the march and more people came to watch. These spectators caused local newspapers to miss the protesters count and soon the march was prominent in the media, which made more and more people join.
Also, Walker put children and students on the front line to get sympathy. As the number of protesters grew, police sent police officers with dogs to the demonstration, and so the famous photo was taken. In fact, no one accepted that putting children and students on the front lines against armed police was the right thing to do, but Walker used what he had to gain public sympathy.
Walker was successful using unconventional methods and doing what no one else was willing to do. In the fight for equal rights, they knew that they had nothing to lose, so everything that came was a profit. To create authority and to be heard, one must inspire and generate authority. In , fashion student Kimber, daughter of Mike Reynolds, passed away in Los Angeles after a violent assault. The father, sensitized by the loss, promised that he would devote his life to preventing this kind of thing from happening to others.
In less than a week, he gathered dozens of people in his garden and talked about the root cause. For them, violence arose because the penalties for those who did not comply with the law were soft.
This made them create the three strikes law. If the crime occurred a third time, the person would be sentenced to a minimum of 25 years in jail. On the other hand, controversies arose. For example, if someone commits two serious crimes, then correct their behavior but after a few years, commit a third crime, like stealing pizza, does that person deserve to be in jail for 25 years?
To what extent do stricter laws help improve society? The U curve should have clear boundaries, stopping at the optimal point to achieve the common good. It illustrates that more is not always better.
Has David and Goliath by Malcolm Gladwell been sitting on your reading list? Pick up the key ideas in the book with this quick summary. You probably know the biblical story of David and Goliath: a small shepherd boy defeats a massive and mighty warrior thanks to his wits and a carefully aimed shot from his trusty sling. This tale is often told as an example of how underdogs can prevail, even in the face of overwhelming odds. And David was no novice with this weapon, as he frequently had to defend his sheep against predators. So, in fact, Goliath never stood a chance. As we grow up we adjust to bigger and bigger schools, from primary to secondary and onwards.
If you think you know the story of David and Goliath , think again. In his new book, "David and Goliath: Underdogs, Misfits, and the Art of Battling Giants," Malcolm Gladwell says most people get this famous Biblical yarn all wrong because they misunderstand who really has the upper hand. It is because of , and not despite, David's size and unorthodox choice of weapon that he is able to slay the lumbering giant. In other words, Gladwell says, most people underestimate the importance of agility and speed. The same misunderstanding happens in David vs.
Start growing! Boost your life and career with the best book summaries. To be or not to be a Goliath? We all aspire to become giants, associating this concept with greatness and success. But are we wrong to do that?
Look at those cretins, which meant "life! Amira was arranging the other equipment McFarlane had ordered: an inch-thick bell jar containing a filament and plug, not in America, captains of industry. Fortunately she did not want to discuss my problems.
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Ты, часом, не шутишь? - Он был едва ли не на полметра выше этого панка и тяжелее килограммов на двадцать. - С чего это ты взял, что я шучу. Беккер промолчал. - Подними! - срывающимся голосом завопил панк. Беккер попробовал его обойти, но парень ему не позволил. - Я сказал тебе - подними. Одуревшие от наркотиков панки за соседними столиками начали поворачивать головы в их сторону, привлеченные перепалкой.
Тихо, - потребовал Фонтейн и повернулся к Сьюзан. - Мисс Флетчер, вы проделали уже немалую часть пути. Постарайтесь пройти по нему до конца. Сьюзан вздохнула: - Программа принимает ключ только в цифровой форме. Мне кажется, что тут содержится некий намек на то, что это за цифра.
- Он улыбнулся в ответ. Она поцеловала .
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