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Download revision notes for Terms, Concepts and their use in Sociology class 11 Notes Sociology and score high in exams. These are the Terms, Concepts and their use in Sociology class 11 Notes Sociology prepared by team of expert teachers. The revision notes help you revise the whole chapter in minutes. Revising notes in exam days is on of the best tips recommended by teachers during exam days.
A quasi group can be defined as an aggregate or combination, which lacks structure or organisation, and whose members may be unaware, or less aware, of the existence of groupings. For example, social classes, status groups, age groups, gender groups can be quasi groups. In due course of time and in specific circumstances such aggregates might take the form of a social group as sociologically defined.
For example, people belonging to the same caste might come together to form a caste based political party. Such political parties will be referred to as social groups as members will be conscious of their interaction and belonging. There is a thin line difference between quasi group and social group. A group of people can take the form of a quasi-group at some point and as a social group in specific circumstances.
For instance, teenagers worrying about acne and pimples, teenagers in metropolitan cities, etc. However, in specific circumstances when the group of teenagers turns out to be studying in the same class, a group of common friends, etc.
In their classifications they take different criterion into account. Social stratification can thus be defined as the existence of structured inequalities between groups in society, in terms of their access to material or symbolic rewards.
Stratification has a crucial place in the organisation of society. Every aspect of the life of every individual and household is affected by stratification. Opportunities for health, security, educational success, fulfilment in work and political influence are all unequally distributed in systematic ways. Slavery is the extreme form of inequality in which some individuals are literary owned by others.
The Greeks and Romans kept slaves as soldiers, servants, labourers and even civil servants. The Romans captured slaves from present day Britain, France and Germany. Slave armies were kept by the Ottomans and Egyptians. As a formal institution slavery has at present been eradicated. However, there are still instances of its existence found in numerous forms in many corner of the world.
Your social position is determined by the caste you are born in. You cannot change your caste. Caste endogamy is practiced with regard to marriages. Social interaction is restricted by caste. There is restriction in terms of food and food sharing. The class stratification is mainly based on inequalities with regard to possession of economic resources.
Each status has certain defined rights and duties assigned to it. Examples of status- Doctor, mother, teacher etc. This is sociologically termed as status set. For example, you as a school student may be a student to your teacher, a customer to your grocer, a passenger to the bus driver, a brother or sister to your sibling and a patient to the doctor.
Individuals also acquires different status at various stages of life. This is called a status sequence for it refers to the status, which is attained in succession or sequence at various stages of life. For example, a son becomes a father, a grandfather, and then great grandfather and so on. Status and prestige are interconnected terms. Every status is accorded certain rights and values.
The kind of value attached to the status or to the office is called prestige. A role is the dynamic or the behavioural aspect of status.
This is referred to as role taking or role playing. Thus, roles are played in accordance with the status. For example, a child learns to behave in accordance with how her behaviour will be seen and judged by others. When there is incompatibility among roles corresponding to multiple statuses, it is referred to as role conflict.
It occurs when contrary expectations arise from two or more roles to be performed. Social control refers to the various means used by a society to bring its recalcitrant or unruly members back into line.
It is the social process, techniques and strategies by which the behaviours of individuals or a group are regulated. It can be the use of force to regulate the behaviour of the individuals or enforcement of values in the individual to maintain order in society.
When the codified, systematic and other formal mechanism of control is used, it is known as formal social control. There are agencies and mechanism of formal social control, for example, law and the state.
In a modern society formal mechanisms and agencies of social control are emphasised. In every society there is another type of social control that is known as informal social control. It is personal, unofficial and uncodified. They include smiles, making faces, body language, frowns, criticism, ridicule, laughter etc.
There can be great variations in their use within the same society. In day- to-day life they are quite effective. However, in some cases informal methods of social control may not be adequate in enforcing conformity or obedience.
Social control can be both positive and negative through sanctions. A sanction is a mode of reward or punishment that reinforces socially expected forms of behaviour. Members of societies can be rewarded for good and expected behaviour.
On the other hand, negative sanctions are also used to enforce rules and to restrain deviance. Deviance refers to modes of action, which do not conform to the norms or values held by most of the members of a group or society. Likewise, ideas of deviance are challenged and change from one period to another. For example, a woman choosing to become an astronaut may be considered deviant at one time, and be applauded at another time even in the same society.
Terms, Concepts and their use in Sociology class 11 Notes Sociology. CBSE quick revision note for class Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Biology and other subject are very helpful to revise the whole syllabus during exam days.
The revision notes covers all important formulas and concepts given in the chapter. Even if you wish to have an overview of a chapter, quick revision notes are here to do it for you. These notes will certainly save your time during stressful exam days. Verry nice notes nd easy to uderstand…….
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Students of class 11 must always have a textbook for the sociology subject with them. NCERT has designed solutions books for Sociology to help not only students but also teachers and parents. These solutions are for Class 11 students and are available as soft copies which you can download as PDFs from various websites authorized to host them. The subject of Sociology emphasizes on society and culture. It defines the relationship between society and other aspects that encompass the social sciences. NCERT has arranged its solutions books according to the chapters present in the textbook. Such an arrangement makes it easier for the students to grasp each concept in a better way.
Social Group: A social group is a collection of two or more persons who are continuously interacting and share common interests and a sense of loyalty within a given society. It has the following characteristics:. Difference between a social group and other forms of collectivities Quasi-Groups All forms of human gatherings and collectivities do not constitute a social group. A social group is different from the related concepts of Aggregates and Social Category. Aggregates are collection of people who temporarily share the same physical space but do not see themselves as belonging together and do not have sustained or persistent interaction. For example: A crowd, or a number of commuters stuck in a traffic jam. Social Category: It refers to a statistical grouping of people or classification of people on the basis of similar characteristics.
CBSE Sociology Chapter 2 Terms, Concepts and their use in Sociology class 11 Notes Sociology in PDF are available for free download in.
Download revision notes for Terms, Concepts and their use in Sociology class 11 Notes Sociology and score high in exams. These are the Terms, Concepts and their use in Sociology class 11 Notes Sociology prepared by team of expert teachers. The revision notes help you revise the whole chapter in minutes. Revising notes in exam days is on of the best tips recommended by teachers during exam days. A quasi group can be defined as an aggregate or combination, which lacks structure or organisation, and whose members may be unaware, or less aware, of the existence of groupings.
Question 1. Why do we need to use special terms and concepts in sociology? Answer: As opposed to commonsensical knowledge, sociology like any other science has its own body of concepts and methods of data collection.
Definition: As Cooley puts it, "By primary groups I mean those characterized by intimate face to face association and cooperation. They are primary in many senses, but mainly in that they are fundamental in forming the social nature and ideals of the nature. The result of the intimate association, psychologically, is certain fusion of individuality in a common hold. Primary groups are generally small in size.
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